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Study of Normal Anatomy of Mandibular Canal and its Variations in Indian Population Using CBCT

  • Arpita Komal
  • Ravinder Singh Bedi
  • Puneet Wadhwani
  • Jitender Kumar Aurora
  • Himanshu Chauhan
Original Article

Abstract

Introduction

Identification of detailed anatomy of mandibular canal (MC) with its contents including the position, course, and morphology is extremely important for the management of various surgical procedures including dental implant placement, third molar surgery, dental anesthesia, mandibular osteotomy, bone-harvesting procedure from the ramus and body of mandible, bone plating in angle and body region of mandible, or any other surgical procedure involving the mandible.

Methods

This prospective randomized study was carried out in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Saraswati Dental College, Lucknow, on 100 randomly selected cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) mandibular views displaying the entire mandible.

Results

Various parameters of the canal were studied in detail and subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS 20 software. For all the observations, paired t test was applied to compare right and left sides and independent t test for the comparison of gender.

Conclusion

For centuries MC has been a paramount topic of discussion, and with the contraption of CBCT, we can finally decipher the canal in great detail. CBCT acts as a guide to prevent damage to the neurovascular bundle as the canal traverses its course and sometimes with certain variations.

Keywords

Mandibular canal Inferior alveolar neurovascular bundle CBCT Variations 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgerySaraswati Dental College and HospitalLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryLucknowIndia
  3. 3.PatnaIndia

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