Photobiomodulation Therapy for Myofascial Pain in Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction: A Double-Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial
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Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a complex process that affects the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The multifactorial process is of unknown etiology and has many manifestations and thus many management options. Photobiomodulation therapy has been suggested for management of TMD, despite the lack of understanding of its exact mechanism. The aim of this study is to examine the effectiveness of photobiomodulation in the treatment of myofascial type TMD.
Patients with unilateral TMJ and masticatory muscles pain during function were recruited and divided into two groups: a control group that received a sham laser treatment every 48 h for 10 days and a test group that received the same frequency of treatment to deliver a dose of 257 J per treatment and a total dose of 1285 J for the entire treatment. Pain was assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS).
There was a significant difference in VAS scores between the test and control groups with the test group scoring lower.
Photobiomodulation therapy proved to be an effective short-term therapeutic modality for myofascial TMD pain. It is non-invasive, easy to apply with no systemic side effects. Its long-term effect and its effect on different subtypes of TMD need further investigation.
KeywordsLow-level light therapy Temporomandibular joint Temporomandibular joint disorders Photomodulation therapy Laser therapy
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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