Temporomandibular Joint Synovial Chondromatosis Posing as Diagnostic Dilemma: A Case Report
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Synovial Chondromatosis is a chronic process and a benign tumor-like disorder which forms a loose cartilaginous nodule in the synovial membrane. These nodules can be in different shape and form, pedunculated, single or multiple in number, free or attached to joint space, can be detached from synovial membrane and also process a chance of calcification. It was first described by Auhausen in 1933 in the literature. Patients usually report with a history of difficulty in mouth opening gradually with time and pain with mild swelling on the preauricular area when involving temporomandibular joint. The lesion hinders the normal movements of temporomandibular joint. It is commonly reported in the long bones . In temporomandibular joint, both unilateral and bilateral cases are reported with more gravity to right side in unilateral cases . Male/female ratio is 1:1.5 in occurrence [2, 3]. It mainly occurs at the age of 30–50 . It has an idiopathic etiology, but the...
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