Congenital Nasopharyngeal Teratoma with a Cleft Palate: Case Report and a 7 Year Follow Up
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Teratomas are benign tumors containing cells from ectodermal, mesodermal and endodermal layers. They occur in about 1 in every 4,000 births and most commonly in the sacrococcygeal region, followed by the ovaries. Congenital epignathus teratomas are rare embryological neoplasms localised in the region of head and neck. An epignathus is found in approximately 1:35,000–1:200,000 live births. This accounts for 2–9% of all teratomas. Size and location of the neoplasm in the oronasopharynx is variable. Teratomas are partly undiagnosed at the time of birth. They may exist with an intracranial extension or as small polyps. Large epignathi can lead to difficult management during and after birth. We present a case of a female infant with a combination of nasopharyngeal teratoma and a cleft palate with successful multidisciplinary management via a staged surgical approach. The epignathus presented as a huge mass extending out of the mouth of the infant girl. On the day of birth debulking of the extraoral portion of the tumor, followed by intraoral extirpation and cleft palate repair at a later stage, was performed. The results of the histopathological examination confirmed diagnosis of a congenital teratoma.
KeywordsEpignathus Nasopharyngeal teratoma Cleft palate
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