German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 376–386 | Cite as

Residents’ perceptions of mega sport event legacies and impacts

The case of the Hamburg 2024 Olympic bid
  • Anja Scheu
  • Holger Preuss


The purpose of this study was to examine perceptions of local residents prior to the public referendum for the 2024 Hamburg Olympic bid and to assess their level of support for the bid. The representative survey conducted amongst Hamburg residents reveals a high level of support but also a strong perception of negative legacies. A comparison between the perceived positive and negative legacies shows that the negative legacies outweigh the positive legacies. When examining factors that influence support, statistical analysis reveals the perception of positive legacies as the strongest predictor of support. The survey also indicates that residents attach great importance to the costs of the Games and feel no personal benefit from hosting them. The findings suggest that Games organizers and authorities should mostly rely on positive legacies while negative legacies ought to be mitigated.


Olympic Games Residents’ support Legacy Impact Referendum 

Die Wahrnehmung von Legacies und Auswirkungen eines Mega-Sportevents in der Bevölkerung

Die Bewerbung Hamburgs für die Olympischen Spiele 2024


Die vorliegende Studie untersucht die Wahrnehmung der Bevölkerung im Hinblick auf die Bewerbung der Stadt Hamburg für die Olympischen und Paralympischen Spiele 2024 im Vorfeld des durchgeführten Referendums. Die repräsentative Umfrage unter Hamburger Bürgern zeigt einerseits ein hohes Maß an Unterstützung für die Bewerbung, andererseits jedoch eine starke Wahrnehmung von negativen „legacies”. Ein Vergleich der wahrgenommenen positiven und negativen „legacies“ zeigt, dass das Auftreten von negativen „legacies“ von der Bevölkerung stärker erwartet wird als das Auftreten positiver „legacies“. Mithilfe einer logistischen Regressionsanalyse wurden anschließend Faktoren gesucht, die sich auf das Maß an Unterstützung für die Bewerbung auswirken. Hierbei konnte die Wahrnehmung von positiven „legacies“ als Variable mit dem stärksten Einfluss identifiziert werden. Die Umfrage zeigt weiterhin, dass die Kosten der Olympischen Spiele von großer Bedeutung für die Befragten sind und diesen kein persönlicher Nutzen gegenübersteht. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Organisatoren und Verantwortliche insbesondere die positiven „legacies“ aufzeigen sollten, während mögliche negative „legacies“ abgeschwächt werden sollten.


Olympische Spiele Unterstützung der Bevölkerung Vermächtnis Impakt Referendum 


Compliance with ethical guidelines

Conflict of interest

A. Scheu and H. Preuss declare that they have no competing interests.

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Sport Science, Department of Sport, Economics, Sport Sociology and Sport HistoryJohannes Gutenberg-University MainzMainzGermany

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