Quantitative visualization of the three-dimensional flow structures of a sweeping jet
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The flow characteristics of a sweeping jet ejecting from a typical feedback channel fluidic oscillator were investigated using time-resolved particle image velocimetry. The three-dimensional flow structure of the jet was examined through the instantaneous and averaged velocity fields measured at the streamwise center plane and cross-sectional planes of the jet for a range of Reynolds numbers (8000, 12,000, 16,000, 20,000, and 24,000). As the Reynolds number increases, the frequency of the sweeping jet linearly increases from 0.7 to 2 Hz. However, the switching time of the jet flow direction from one side to the other is very short compared to the sweeping period. As a result, the ensemble-averaged flow patterns of the sweeping jet at the streamwise center plane look like twin jets issued from a V-shaped nozzle, regardless of the Reynolds number. The rapidly switching jet contains a counter-rotating vortex at the cross-sectional plane of the jet near the nozzle, similar to a cross-flow jet. The coherent vortex structures are rapidly destroyed and become random when the jet moves downstream.
KeywordsSweeping jet Flow structure Particle image velocimetry Counter-rotating vortex
This research was partially supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), which is funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2016R1D1A1B03935729).
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