This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Anthony DG, Willmarth WW (1992) Turbulence measurements in a round jet beneath a free surface. J Fluid Mech 243:699–720
Hadziabdic M, Hanjalic K (2008) Vortical structures and heat transfer in a round impinging jet. J Fluid Mech 596:221–260
Handler RA, Smith GB (2011) Statistics of the temperature and its derivatives at the surface of a wind-driven air-water interface. J Geophys Res 116:C06021
Handler RA, Smith GB, Leighton RI (2001) The thermal structure of an air-water interface at low wind speeds. Tellus Ser A 53:233–244
Jessup AT, Zappa CJ, Loewen MR, Hesany V (1997) Infrared remote sensing of breaking waves. Nature 385:52–55
Judd KP, Phongikaroon S, Smith GB, Handler RA (2005) Thermal structure of clean and contaminated free-surfaces subject to an impinging gas jet. Exp Fluids 38:99–111
Judd KP, Smith GB, Handler RA, Sisodia A (2008) The thermal signature of a low Reynolds number submerged turbulent jet impacting a free surface. Phys Fluids 20:115102
Larocque J, Riviere N, Vincent S, Reungoat D, Faure J-P, Heliot J-P, Caltagirone J-P, Moreau M (2009) Macroscopic analysis of a turbulent round liquid jet impinging on an air/water interface in a confined medium. Phys Fluids 21:065110
Marmorino GO, Smith GB (2005) Bright and dark ocean whitecaps observed in the infrared. Geophys Res Lett 32:L11604
Marmorino GO, Smith GB, Lindemann GJ (2004) Infrared imagery of ocean internal waves. Geophys Res Lett 31:L11309
Marmorino GO, Smith GB, Lindemann GJ (2005) Infrared imagery of large-aspect-ratio Langmuir circulation. Cont Shelf Res 25(1):1–6
Marmorino GO, Savelyev I, Smith GB (2014) Surface thermal structure in a shallow-water, vertical discharge from a coastal power plant. Environ Fluid Mech 15(1):207–229
Phongikaroon S, Judd KP (2006) Surfactant effects on the free surface thermal structure and subsurface flow in a wind-wave tunnel. J Fluids Eng 128:913–917
Phongikaroon S, Judd KP, Smith GB, Handler RA (2004) The thermal structure of a wind-driven Reynolds ridge. Exp Fluids 37:153–158
Scott NV, Handler RA, Smith GB (2008) Wavelet analysis of the surface temperature field at an air-water interface subject to moderate wind stress. Int J Heat Fluid Flow 29:1103–1112
Smith GB, Volino RJ, Handler RA, Leighton RI (2001) The thermal signature of a vortex pair impacting a free surface. J Fluid Mech 444:49–78
Tennekes H, Lumley JL (1972) A first course in turbulence. MIT Press, Cambridge
Voropayev SI, Nath C, Fernando HJS (2014) Surface signatures of submerged heated jet. Environ Fluid Mech 14:1105–1121
The first two authors would like to acknowledge the support of the Naval Research Laboratory.
Electronic supplementary material
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
Judd, K.P., Savelyev, I., Zhang, Q. et al. The thermal signature of a submerged jet impacting normal to a free surface. J Vis 19, 1–5 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12650-015-0303-0
- Reynolds Number
- Free Surface
- Optical Depth
- Capillary Wave
- Surface Temperature Field