Incorporation of Wooden Furniture Wastes in Fired Clay Bricks for Improved Thermal Insulation: A Feasability Study

  • H. Abjaghou
  • J. Bourret
  • N. Tessier-Doyen
  • M. Fassier
  • M. A. Bruneaux
  • A. Lacanilao
  • V. Quint
  • A. Smith
  • D. S. Smith
  • C. PeyratoutEmail author
Original Paper


The main objective of this study is to improve thermal insulation of fired clay bricks through addition of wooden furniture waste. The effect of the nature and the amount (5 or 10 wt%) of wooden furniture waste on the properties of the final porous fired brick prepared by extrusion was assessed though measurements of mass loss, drying and sintering shrinkage, porosity, bulk density and thermal conductivity. Results showed that incorporation of wooden furniture waste into the clay mixture yielded increase of porosity after firing and hence decrease of thermal conductivity. For example, addition of 10 wt% wood waste yielded a pore volume fraction of 47% with a conductivity of 0.42 W m−1 K−1. Moreover, due to orientation of the clay platelets, the anisotropy in thermal conductivity was significant, ranging from a ratio of 1.1–1.5.

Graphic Abstract


Thermal insulation Wooden furniture wastes Fired clay bricks Building materials 



This research was financed by the TREMPLIN CARNOT MECD and the Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Recherche sur les Céramiques - IRCER, UMR CNRS 7315LimogesFrance
  2. 2.Centre Technique de Matériaux Naturels de Construction - CTMNC, Ester TechnopoleLimogesFrance
  3. 3.Institut Technologique FCBA (Forêt, Cellulose, Bois - construction, Ameublement)Champs-sur-MarneFrance

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