Production of Eco-refinery Pulp from Moso Bamboo Using Steam Treatment Followed by Milling Treatment

  • Chikako AsadaEmail author
  • Yumi Sasaki
  • Yoshitoshi Nakamura
Original Paper


In this study, we produced cellulose nanofiber (CNF) from moso bamboo using high-temperature and high-pressure steam treatment combined with the milling treatment. This pretreatment method can be considered as an environmentally friendly method because the treated product contains only wood-derived components and water that generally do not lead to significant corrosion problems and formation of neutralization sludge. The specific tensile strengths of CNF obtained in this work were almost the same values as that of a commercial CNF. Furthermore, an eco-refinery pulp was made of holocellulose and CNF those were obtained from moso bamboo by this pretreatment method and its mechanical strength was evaluated. By changing the steam treatment conditions, it is possible to produce eco-refinery pulp of various specific tensile strengths adapted to the application and purpose.

Graphic Abstract


Lignocellulosic waste Cellulose nanofiber Pulp Steam treatment Milling treatment Moso bamboo 



The authors are grateful for the partial support of a Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (A) (Grant No. 17H04717) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Bioscience and BioindustryTokushima UniversityTokushimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biological Science and TechnologyTokushima UniversityTokushimaJapan

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