A Strategy for Simultaneous Xylose Utilization and Enhancement of Cellulase Enzyme Production by Trichoderma reesei Cultivated on Liquid Hydrolysate Followed by Induction with Feeding of Solid Sugarcane Bagasse
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Production of cellulase enzyme by Trichoderma reesei using cheap lignocellulosic material sugarcane bagasse was studied. Enzyme production from lignocellulosic biomass required pretreatment to decrease the cellulose crystallinity where inhibitors are released in hydrolysate. Strategies for solid bagasse feeding and pH shifting during fermentation have been developed for cellulase production enhancement by T. reesei NCIM 1186. To improve the cellulase production along with xylose utilization from the hydrolysate various feeding approach of pretreated solid bagasse in liquid hydrolysate grown culture has been investigated. This T. reesei has shown the capability of complete consumption of acetic acid, furfural, 5-hydroxymethyl, furfural and formic acid along with enzyme production. The maximum cellulase production of 1.5 U/ml CMCase and 1.01 U/ml FPase was obtained using a solid bagasse strategy developed here where T. reesei was grown in sugar rich hydrolysate followed by early feeding of pretreated solid bagasse along with pH shifting strategy in a stirred tank bioreactor. This production was almost fivefolds increment of both FPase and CMCase compared to culture grown in whole slurry mixture.
KeywordsCellulase Lignocellulose pH shifting Pretreated solid feeding Sugar rich hydrolysate Detoxification
Authors would like to thanks to Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati for providing the facilities to carry out the experiments.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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