The Effects of Flue Gas Desulphurization Gypsum on the Properties of Dissolved Organic Matter and Bacterial Community During Composting

  • Junhao Huang
  • Xiaobo Guo
  • Yang Zeng
  • Yanyu Lu
  • Guangchun Shan
  • Jiaqi Xu
  • Qunliang Li
Original Paper


Composting is a process that converts organic materials including solid wastes into humus-like substances. Additives play an important role in regulating composting performances. This work investigated the influences of flue gas desulphurization gypsum (FGDG) on the properties and evolution of dissolved organic matter (DOM) during the co-composting of dairy manure, sugarcane leaf and pressmud (the sludge from sugar factory effluent) with the combination techniques of elemental analysis, particle size, zeta potential, UV–Vis spectroscopy and FT-IR technology. The results revealed that FGDG amendment reduced carbon loss and facilitated nitrogen emission in compost DOM, increased the aromaticity of DOM and compost maturity, enhanced the absorbance of –OH, –CHO, –COOH and C–O in polysaccharides. Additionally, the adding of FGDG was an inhibitive factor to the whole bacterial diversity during composting. These findings provided new insights into the evolution and properties of DOM and the microbial community during the composting process with FGDG amendment.


Composting Flue gas desulphurization gypsum Dissolved organic matter Bacterial diversity 



This work was financed by the Fangchenggang Science and Technology Program (No. FangkeAB17053002). The anonymous reviewers and the editor were also acknowledged for their processing our manuscript.


  1. 1.
    López-González, J., Suárez-Estrella, F., Vargas-García, M., López, M., Jurado, M., Moreno, J.: Dynamics of bacterial microbiota during lignocellulosic waste composting: Studies upon its structure, functionality and biodiversity. Bioresour. Technol. 175, 406–416 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fang, M., Wong, J.: Effects of lime amendment on availability of heavy metals and maturation in sewage sludge composting. Environ. Pollut. 106(1), 83–89 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Belyaeva, O., Haynes, R.: Chemical, microbial and physical properties of manufactured soils produced by co-composting municipal green waste with coal fly ash. Bioresour. Technol. 100(21), 5203–5209 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li, R., Wang, J., Zhang, Z., Shen, F., Zhang, G., Qin, R., Li, X., Xiao, R.: Nutrient transformations during composting of pig manure with bentonite. Bioresour. Technol. 121, 362–368 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang, R., Zhang, J., Sui, Q., Wan, H., Tong, J., Chen, M., Wei, Y., Wei, D.: Effect of red mud addition on tetracycline and copper resistance genes and microbial community during the full scale swine manure composting. Bioresour. Technol. 216, 1049–1057 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tubail, K., Chen, L., Michel Jr., Keener, H., Rigot, J., Klingman, M., Kost, D., Dick, W.: Gypsum additions reduce ammonia nitrogen losses during composting of dairy manure and biosolids. Compost Sci. Util. 16(4), 285–293 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gigliotti, G., Kaiser, K., Guggenberger, G., Haumaier, L.: Differences in the chemical composition of dissolved organic matter from waste materials of different sources. Biol. Fertil. Soils 36(5), 321–329 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zmora-Nahum, S., Markovitch, O., Tarchitzky, J., Chen, Y.: Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) as a parameter of compost maturity. Soil Biol. Biochem. 37(11), 2109–2116 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Businelli, D., Massaccesi, L., Said-Pullicino, D., Gigliotti, G.: Long-term distribution, mobility and plant availability of compost-derived heavy metals in a landfill covering soil. Sci. Total Environ. 407(4), 1426–1435 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Said-Pullicino, D., Kaiser, K., Guggenberger, G., Gigliotti, G.: Changes in the chemical composition of water-extractable organic matter during composting: distribution between stable and labile organic matter pools. Chemosphere 66(11), 2166–2176 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Guo, X., Huang, J., Lu, Y., Shan, G., Li, Q.: The influence of flue gas desulphurization gypsum additive on characteristics and evolution of humic substance during co-composting of dairy manure and sugarcane pressmud. Bioresour. Technol. 219, 169–174 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Guo, X., Lu, Y., Li, Q.: Effect of adding flue gas desulphurization gypsum on the transformation and fate of nitrogen during composting. Compost Sci. Util. 24(4), 230–237 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li, Q., Guo, X., Lu, Y., Shan, G., Huang, J.: Impacts of adding FGDG on the abundance of nitrification and denitrification functional genes during dairy manure and sugarcane pressmud co-composting. Waste Manag. 56, 63–70 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Guo, X., Shi, H.: Thermal treatment and utilization of flue gas desulphurization gypsum as an admixture in cement and concrete. Constr. Build. Mater. 22(7), 1471–1476 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Straathof, A., Comans, R.: Input materials and processing conditions control compost dissolved organic carbon quality. Bioresour. Technol. 179, 619–623 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Suzuki, M., Giovannoni, S.: Bias caused by template annealing in the amplification of mixtures of 16S rRNA genes by PCR. Appl. Environ. Microb. 62(2), 625–630 (1996)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Caporaso, J., Kuczynski, J., Stombaugh, J., Bittinger, K., Bushman, F., Costello, E., Noah, F., Peña, A., Goodrich, J., Gordon, J., Huttley, G., Kelley, S., Knights, D., Koenig, J., Ley, R., Lozupone, C., McDonald, D., Muegge, B., Pirrung, M., Reeder, J., Sevinsky, J., Turnbaugh, P., Walters, W., Widmann, J., Yatsunenko, T., Zaneveld, J., Knight, R.: QIIME allows analysis of high-throughput community sequencing data. Nat. Methods 7(5), 335–336 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lozupone, C., Knight, R.: UniFrac: a new phylogenetic method for comparing microbial communities. Appl. Environ. Microb. 71(12), 8228–8235 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Wang, Q., Garrity, G., Tiedje, J., Cole, J.: Naive Bayesian classifier for rapid assignment of rRNA sequences into the new bacterial taxonomy. Appl. Environ. Microb. 73(16), 5261–5267 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chefetz, B., Hadar, Y., Chen, Y.: Dissolved organic carbon fractions formed during composting of municipal solid waste: properties and significance. Acta. Hydroch. Hydrobiol. 26(3), 172–179 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kirby, B., Hasselbrink, E.: Zeta potential of microfluidic substrates: 1. Theory, experimental techniques, and effects on separations. Electrophoresis 25(2), 187–202 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Neculita, C., Dudal, Y., Zagury, G.: Using fluorescence-based microplate assay to assess DOM-metal binding in reactive materials for treatment of acid mine drainage. J. Environ. Sci. 23(6), 891–896 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kalbitz, K., Schmerwitz, J., Schwesig, D., Matzner, E.: Biodegradation of soil-derived dissolved organic matter as related to its properties. Geoderma 113(3), 273–291 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Croué, J., Benedetti, M., Violleau, D., Leenheer, J.: Characterization and copper binding of humic and nonhumic organic matter isolated from the South Platte River: evidence for the presence of nitrogenous binding site. Environ. Sci. Technol. 37, 328–336 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hur, J., Schlautman, M.: Using selected operational descriptors to examine the heterogeneity within a bulk humic substance. Environ. Sci. Technol. 37(2), 880–887 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shao, Z., He, P., Zhang, D., Shao, L.: Characterization of water-extractable organic matter during the biostabilization of municipal solid waste. J. Hazard. Mater. 164(2), 1191–1197 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Leenheer, J.: Origin and nature of humic substances in the waters of the Amazon River basin. Acta Amazon. 10(3), 513–526 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    You, S., Yin, Y., Allen, H.: Partitioning of organic matter in soils: effects of pH and water/soil ratio. Sci. Total Environ. 227(2), 155–160 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Laor, Y., Zolkov, C., Armon, R.: Immobilizing humic acid in a Sol–Gel matrix: a new tool to study humic-contaminants sorption interactions. Environ. Sci. Technol. 36(5), 1054–1060 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhou, Y., Selvam, A., Wong, J.: Evaluation of humic substances during co-composting of food waste, sawdust and Chinese medicinal herbal residues. Bioresour. Technol. 168, 229–234 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wang, K., Li, W., Gong, X., Li, Y., Wu, C., Ren, N.: Spectral study of dissolved organic matter in biosolid during the composting process using inorganic bulking agent: UV–vis, GPC, FTIR and EEM. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 85, 617–623 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Kulshrestha, P., Giese, R., Aga, S.: Investigating the molecular interactions of oxytetracycline in clay and organic matter: insights on factors affecting its mobility in soil. Environ. Sci. Technol. 38(15), 4097–4105 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Xi, B., Zhao, X., He, X., Huang, C., Tan, W., Gao, R., Zhang, H., Li, D.: Successions and diversity of humic-reducing microorganisms and their association with physical-chemical parameters during composting. Bioresour. Technol. 219, 204–211 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junhao Huang
    • 1
  • Xiaobo Guo
    • 1
  • Yang Zeng
    • 2
  • Yanyu Lu
    • 1
  • Guangchun Shan
    • 1
  • Jiaqi Xu
    • 1
  • Qunliang Li
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringGuangxi UniversityNanningPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations