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Viability of Biogas Production and Determination of Bacterial Kinetics in Anaerobic Co-digestion of Cabbage Waste and Livestock Manure

  • Juan Gaibor-Chávez
  • Zulay Niño-Ruiz
  • Borja Velázquez-Martí
  • Araceli Lucio-Quintana
Original Paper
  • 82 Downloads

Abstract

For the economically depressed communities such as of those in the Canton Guaranda, Ecuador, to generate their own energy, from organic waste is very important because they are sometimes insulated and its gas and electricity supply is very deficient. The aim of this research, was to determine the feasibility of anaerobic co-digestion of wasted cabbage from the town’s market in Guaranda, Ecuador, and livestock manure. Two variables were studied: temperature of the process and the percentage of cabbage and livestock manure. Biogas quantity and kinetic parameters were evaluated. Kinetic model were analyzed by minimizing the mean percentage of error between the observed values (measured experimentally) and predicted, using the Runge–Kutta of order 4 for solving the system of differential equations obtained from mass balance. The results showed that a 50–50% ratio cabbage-manure at 30 °C temperature gave the highest production of biogas achieved is (389.47 cm3 N/g initial SV) with a composition of 61% methane. The kinetic parameters found were µmax = 0.1053 day−1; Ks = 0.1153 mg/l; Y = 0.00246 g VSS /g COD and Kdec = 0.001005 day−1.

Keywords

Biogas production Bacterial kinetics Co-digestion Cabbage Rural development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research work has been carried out inside the cooperation framework funded by the ADSIDEO program of the Centro de Cooperación al Desarrollo (CCD) of Universidad Politécnica de Valencia (Spain), in collaboration with the Centro de Estudios de la Biomasa (CEB), Universidad Estatal de Bolívar, Guaranda, Ecuador. The participation of Dr. Sergio Pérez in this work was possible thanks to funding from the Ecuadorian Government by means of the PROMETEO program, led by the Secretaría Nacional de Educación Superior, Ciencia y Tecnología (SENESCYT).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grupo Biomasa, Centro de Investigaciones del Ambiente, Departamento de InvestigaciónUniversidad Estatal de BolívarGuarandaEcuador
  2. 2.Departamento de Ingeniería Rural y Agroalimentaria, Universitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain

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