Biogas Production from Organic Waste: Recent Progress and Perspectives

  • M. R. Atelge
  • David Krisa
  • Gopalakrishnan KumarEmail author
  • Cigdem Eskicioglu
  • Dinh Duc Nguyen
  • Soon Woong Chang
  • A. E. Atabani
  • Alaa H. Al-Muhtaseb
  • S. Unalan
Original Paper


Anaerobic digestion (AD) from organic waste has gained worldwide attention in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, lowering fossil fuel combustion, and facilitating a sustainable renewable energy supply. Biogas mainly consists of methane (CH4) (50–75%), carbon dioxide (CO2) (25–50%), hydrogen sulphides (H2S), hydrogen (H2), ammonia (NH3) (1–2%) and traces of other gases such as oxygen (O2) and nitrogen (N2). Methane can replace fossil fuels in various applications such as heat and power generation and the transportation sector. The degradation of organic waste through an AD process offers many advantages, such as the decrease of pathogens and prevention of odour release. The digestate from anaerobic fermentation is a valuable fertilizer, however, the amount of organic materials currently available for biogas production is still limited. New substrates, as well as more effective conversion technologies, are needed to grow this industry globally. This paper reviewed the latest trends and progress in biogas production technologies including potential feedstock. Recycling of waste has recently become an important topic and has been explored in this paper.


Biogas Anaerobic digestion Conversion technologies Recycling of waste 

List of Symbols


Carbon dioxide




Carbon dioxide-equivalents


Anaerobic digestion


Greenhouse gases








Terawatt hours


Total solids


Volatile solids


Volatile fatty acids


Biochemical methane potential


The carbon-to-nitrogen ratio


Dry matter


Organic dry matter


Chemical oxygen demand


Hydraulic retention time


Organic loading rate



Authors would like to acknowledge The Unit of Scientific Research Project Coordination (Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri Koordinatörlüğü, BAP) of Erciyes Univerity, Kayseri, Turkey for the financial support under the University Project: FOA-2018-8183 (Priority Research Project) (Öncelikli Araştırma Proje). This work was also supported in part by grants from the Korea Ministry of Environment, as a “Global Top Project” (Project No.: 2016002210003).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Atelge
    • 1
    • 2
  • David Krisa
    • 3
  • Gopalakrishnan Kumar
    • 4
    Email author
  • Cigdem Eskicioglu
    • 3
  • Dinh Duc Nguyen
    • 5
  • Soon Woong Chang
    • 5
  • A. E. Atabani
    • 1
  • Alaa H. Al-Muhtaseb
    • 6
  • S. Unalan
    • 1
  1. 1.Energy Division, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringSiirt UniversitySiirtTurkey
  3. 3.UBC Bioreactor Technology Group, School of EngineeringThe University of British ColumbiaKelownaCanada
  4. 4.Green Processing, Bioremediation and Alternative Energies Research Group, Faculty of Environment and Labour SafetyTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  5. 5.Department of Environmental Energy EngineeringKyonggi UniversitySuwon-siRepublic of Korea
  6. 6.Department of Petroleum and Chemical Engineering, College of EngineeringSultan Qaboos UniversityMasqatOman

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