Advertisement

Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 1083–1090 | Cite as

New Small Scale Bioreactor System for the Determination of the Biochemical Methane Potential

  • Nikolai HolderEmail author
  • Marilaine Mota-Meira
  • Jens Born
  • Sarah L. Sutrina
Short Communication
  • 106 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

A small scale bioreactor was designed and built to investigate the amount of biogas, and, specifically, methane, produced from different sources.

Methods

Comparative studies between the system designed and a standard type apparatus were performed using two substrates, fish offal and grass cuttings.

Results

The specific methane potentials of the substrates, for the small scale batch reactor and the standard system, respectively, were 78.8 ± 23.5 mL/gFM (89.4 ± 26.7 NmL/goDM) and 76.6 ± 13.7 NmL/gFM (86.9 ± 15.5 NmL/goDM) for the grass, and 20.8 ± 1.7 NmL/gFM (88.2 ± 1.5 NmL/goDM) and 15.2 ± 6.4 NmL/gFM (64.9 ± 27.3 NmL/goDM) for the fish offal. The values determined using the two different apparatus types were not significantly different (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

Whereas lab equipment for substrate analysis, such as determination of the total solids and volatile solids content, is available in most chemistry and biochemistry labs, the biomethane potential test is very specific for biogas technology. The major significance of this work is that the new bioreactor system, which provides similar levels of accuracy as more conventional laboratory type systems, is produced from inexpensive, easily accessible components.

Keywords

Biogas Biochemical methane potential Biofuels Anaerobic digestion 

References

  1. 1.
    Hamilton, D.W.: Anaerobic Digestion of Animal Manures: Methane Production Potential of Waste Materials. Oklahoma Coorperative Extension Service, Stilwater (2013)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hansena, T.L., Schmidta, J.E., Angelidakia, I., Marcaa, E., Jansenb, J.l.C., Mosbæka, H., Christensena, T.H.: Method for determination of methane potentials of solid organic waste. Waste Manag. 24, 393–400 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Moody, L., Burns, R., Spajic, R., Wu-haan, W.: Use of Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP) Assays for Predicting and Enhancing Anaerobic Digester Performance. In: Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nielfa, A., Cano, R., Fdz-Polanco, M.: Theoretical methane production generated by the co-digestion of organic fraction municipal solid waste and biological sludge. Biotechnol. Rep. 5, 14–21 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nistor, M.: 2nd Conference on Monitoring and Process Control of Anaerobic Digestion Plants. In: Bioprocess Control, Leipzig (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Strik, D.P.B.T.B., Domnanovich, A.M., Holubar, P.: A pH-based control of ammonia in biogas during anaerobic digestion of artificial pig manure and maize silage. Process Biochem. 41, 1235–1238 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Straka, F., Jenicek, P., Zabranska, J., Dohanyos, M., Kuncarova, M.: Anaerobic fermentation of biomass and wastes with respect to sulfur and nitrogen contents in treated materials. In: Eleventh International Waste Management and Landfill Symposium (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Walker, M., Iyer, K., Heaven, S., Banks, C.J.: Ammonia removal in anaerobic digestion by biogas stripping: an evaluation of process alternatives using a first order rate model based on experimental findings. Chem. Eng. J. 178(15), 138–145 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, X., Lu, X., Li, F., Yang, G.: Effects of temperature and carbon-nitrogen (C/N) ratio on the performance of anaerobic co-digestion of dairy manure, chicken manure and rice straw: focusing on ammonia inhibition. PLoS ONE 9(5), e97265 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Angelidaki, I., Alves, M., Bolzonella, D., Borzacconi, L., Campos, J.L., Guwy, A.J., Kalyuzhnyi, S., Jenicek, P., Lier, J.B.: Defining the biomethane potential (BMP) of solid organic wastes and energy crops: a proposed protocol for batch assays. Water Sci. Technol. 59(4), 929–934 (2009)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Helffrich, D., Oechsner, H.: The Hohenheim Biogas Yield Test. Hohenheim University, Stuttgart (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jensen, P.D., Ge, H., Batstone, D.J.: Assessing the role of biochemical methane potential tests in determining anaerobic degradability rate and extent. Water Sci. Technol. 64(4), 880–886 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Esposito, G., Frunzo, L., Liotta, F., Panico, A., Pirozzi, F.: Bio-methane potential tests to measure the biogas production from the digestion and co-digestion of complex organic substrates. Open Environ. Eng. J. 5, 1–8 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ahn, H.K., Smith, M.C., Kondrad, S.L., White, J.W.: Evaluation of biogas production potential by dry anaerobic digestion of switchgrass–animal manure mixtures. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. (2010). doi: 10.1007/s12010-009-8624-x Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Eleazer, W.E., Odle, W.S.I., ., Wang, Y.-S., Barlaz, M.A.: Biodegradability of municipal solid waste components in laboratory-scale landfills. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31, 911–917 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    VDI: VDI-RICHTLINIEN: Fermentation of organic materials. Characterisation of the substrate sampling, collection of material data, fermentation tests (2006)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Watkins, C.D.: The Effect of Cutting Interval on the Leafiness of Some Tropical Grasses in the Wet and Dry Seasons. Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, Trinidad (1957)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Beardsley, G.L.J.: Age, growth, and reproduction of the dolphin, Coryphaena hippurus, in the Straits of Florida. Copeia 2, 441–451 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Heanes, D.L.: Determination of total organic-C in soils by an improved chromic acid digestion and spectrophotometric procedure. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 15(10), 1191–1213 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Walkley, A., Black, I.A.: An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci. 37(1), 29–38 (1934)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ruihong, Z., Hamed, M.E.-M., Karl, H., Fengyu, W., Guangqing, L., Chris, C., Paul, G.: Characterization of food waste as feedstock for anaerobic digestion. Bioresour. Technol. 98, 929–935 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai Holder
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marilaine Mota-Meira
    • 1
  • Jens Born
    • 2
  • Sarah L. Sutrina
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological & Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science and TechnologyThe University of the West IndiesCave Hill CampusBarbados
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Process Engineering and Maritime TechnologiesHochschule Flensburg, University of Applied SciencesFlensburgGermany

Personalised recommendations