Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 1–16 | Cite as

Energy Recovery from Sugarcane-Trash in the Light of 2nd Generation Biofuels. Part 1: Current Situation and Environmental Aspects

  • W. Alonso Pippo
  • C. A. Luengo
  • L. Alonsoamador Morales Alberteris
  • P. Garzone
  • G. Cornacchia
Original Paper

Abstract

The importance of Sugarcane-Trash energy use, also called Sugarcane Agricultural Residues (SCAR) or Barbojo was analyzed in the light of 2nd generation Biofuels. The current challenges and opportunities of SCAR energy use were treated. An analysis focused on current Brazilian situation and experiences around the world, was carried out. The most probable routes for 2nd generation Bioethanol production suitability: Biomass to Liquid and Bio-enzymatic were compared in Brazil. The Brazilian Sugarcane Agro-Industry particularities and its influence on SCAR energy use were analyzed. The most probable use of SCAR, in a short and mid term, is as boiler feedstock. The key environmental aspects related to SCAR use were analyzed. The SCAR decomposition process and its influence into the CO2 emission reduction were explained. The weed control effect of SCAR left in the field was examined.

Keywords

Sugarcane-trash Bioethanol Waste Energy Environment 

Abbreviations

BPST

Back Pressure Steam Turbine

BTL

Biomass to liquid

CEST

Condensing extraction steam turbine

CDM

Clean development mechanism

CNPq

Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development

CONAB

National company of supply

CONAMA

Brazilian National Council on Environment

CS

Center-south region

CTC

Sugarcane Cooperative Technological Center

db

Dry basis

ECN

Energy Research Center of the Netherland

EMBRAPA

Brazilian enterprise for agricultural research

FAPESP

Foundation for research support of the state of São Paulo

GHG

Green house gases

HHV

High heating value

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

LHV

Low heating value

MWth

Thermal mega-watt

NNE

North-northeast region

PETROBRAS

Brazilian semi-public multinational energy company (Petróleo Brasileiro S.A.)

PNUD

United Nations Program for Development

PROINFA

National Program to promote the development of alternatives energy supplies

SCAR

Sugarcane agricultural residues (also called sugarcane-trash or barbojo)

SFS

Simultaneous fermentation and saccharification

SP

Sao Paulo State, Brazil

toe

Ton of oil equivalent

wb

Wet basis

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. Alonso Pippo
    • 1
  • C. A. Luengo
    • 1
  • L. Alonsoamador Morales Alberteris
    • 2
  • P. Garzone
    • 3
  • G. Cornacchia
    • 3
  1. 1.Grupo Combustiveis Alternativos DFA/IFGW/UNICAMPCampinasBrazil
  2. 2.Energy ConsultantLouisvilleUSA
  3. 3.ENEA Trisaia Research Centre. Prot-STPRotondellaItaly

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