Indian Journal of Physics

, Volume 83, Issue 7, pp 1045–1050 | Cite as

Uranium analysis in some food samples collected from Bathinda area of Punjab, India

  • Mukesh KumarEmail author
  • Sangeeta Prasher
  • Surinder Singh


To strengthen the radiation protection infrastructure in Bathinda, the uranium concentration in daily diet of the residents has been measured and its associated radiation risks were estimated for the adult population. Food samples were collected from major cancer prone areas of the district, from which daily diets were prepared. These diet samples were analyzed using fission track technique. The measured values of the uranium content were found to vary from 0.38 mBq/g in mustard seeds to 4.60 mBq/g in wheat. In case of milk the uranium content is found to vary from 28.57–213.36 mBq/ℓ with mean concentration of 61.35 mBq/ℓ. This leads to a daily dietary intake of 0.90 Bq/day. The measured value of 0.90 Bq d−1, contributes to 1.12 mSv to the cumulative effective dose to the population. This dose is much large than the International Commission for Radiological Protection (ICRP) annual effective dose limit of 1 mSv for the general public [1]. Therefore, it would pose significant health hazard.


Uranium intake cumulative dose risk assessments dose rate food stuffs 


61.82.Pv 87.50.-a 87.52.Px 87.53.Rd 89.60.Gg 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    ICRP Recommendations of the International Commission of Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 60. Ann ICRP 21 (1990)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    F M Khan The Physics of Radiation Therapy (Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins) (1984)Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    G A Welford and R Baird Health Physics 13 1321 (1967)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    I M Fisenne, P M Perry, K M Decker and H W Keller Health Physics 53 357 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    T Nozaki, M Itchikawa, T Sasuga and M Inarida J. Radioanal. Chem. 6 33 (1970)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    E I Hamilton Health Physics 22 149 (1972)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Civil Surgeon (2002) Investigation regarding incidence of cancer disease in Talwandi Sabo Block (Giana and Jajjal)-CM referenceGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    R L Fleischer, P B Price and R M Walker Nuclear Tracks in Solids, Principles and Applications (Berkeley: University of California Press) (1975).Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    R L Fleischer, D B Lovett Geochim, Cosmochim Acta. 32 1126 (1968)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    R Ilic and S A Durrani Solid State Nuclear Track Detectors: In Handbook of Radioactivity Analysis. (2nd edition. M.F.L. Annunziata) (2003)Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    M Kumar, A Kumar, S Singh, R K Mahajan and T P S Walia Radiat. Meas. 36 479 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    M Galletti, L D’Annibale, V Pinto and C Cremisini Health Physics 85 228 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    D S Srivastava, A S Naqvi, N P S Rana and P Singh Proc. 8th Nat. Symp. SSNTD, Aligarh 202 (1993)Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    WHO (World Health Organization), WHO/SDE/PHE/01.1 Geneva: Department of Protection of Human Environment (2001)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    UNSCEAR (United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of Atomic Radiation) report to general assembly with sci. annexes 1 126 (2000)Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    P Linsalata J. Environ. Qualt. 23 633 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    T Yamamoto, K Masuda and K Nukada J. Radiat. Res. 13 5 (1971)Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    H S Spencer, D Osis, J M Fisenne, P Perry and N H Harley Radiat. Research 24 90 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    R Gibson Nutrition Res. Reviews 7 151 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    M H Golden and G Golden British Medical Bulletin 37 31 (1981)Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    M Wrenn, P W Durbin, B Howard, J Lipsztein, J Rundo and E T Still Health Physics 48 601 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. [22]
    ICRP (International Corporation on Radiological Protection) ICRP Publication 72 Ann. ICRP 25(2) (1996)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mukesh Kumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sangeeta Prasher
    • 2
  • Surinder Singh
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Applied ScienceRIMT-Institute of Engineering and TechnologyMandi GobindgarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsKanya Maha Vidyalaya, Vidyalaya MargJallandharIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsGuru Nanak Dev UniversityAmritsarIndia

Personalised recommendations