, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 345–355 | Cite as

Comparison of MCM and GUM Method for Evaluating Measurement Uncertainty of Wind Speed by Pitot Tube

  • Mingming WeiEmail author
  • Yang Zeng
  • Chunhua Wen
  • Xiaogang Liu
  • Changchun Li
  • Shan Xu
Original Paper


“The Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement” (GUM) method has many disadvantages when evaluating the uncertainty of wind speed measured by pitot tube, and the “Monte Carlo method” (MCM) is put forward to evaluate the uncertainty of wind speed. The measured quantity value of wind speed by the S-shaped pitot tube is the research object, and the uncertainty is evaluated by GUM and MCM, respectively, and the simulation test is carried out. GUM has errors due to its adoption of approximate linear model. MCM adopts real simulation strategy and has higher credibility than the GUM method, so the GUM method can be validated by the MCM method. When the partial input quantity is changed into triangular distribution, uniform distribution and arcsine distribution, the GUM method is found to be inapplicable. In the evaluation of MCM method, the complex calculation of sensitivity coefficient is avoided, and some uncertainty with small influencing quantity is not needed to be discarded. The evaluation result is more complete. Through comparing the uncertainty evaluation results of MCM before and after the water vapor correction term is discarded, the influence of the water vapor correction term is quantified. Therefore, compared with the GUM method, the MCM method has more advantages when wind speed is measured by pitot tube.


Metrology Uncertainty Wind speed MCM GUM 



This work is supported by Meteorological Science and Technology key project of Jiangxi Province (No. 2018127).

Author Contributions

MW analyzed the data and wrote the paper. JM contributed to the literature review and helped to perform data analysis. CL analyzed the experiments and compiled the program. CW and XL reviewed and edited the manuscript. SX supervised the research. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.


This research received no external funding.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Metrology Society of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mingming Wei
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yang Zeng
    • 1
  • Chunhua Wen
    • 1
  • Xiaogang Liu
    • 1
  • Changchun Li
    • 1
  • Shan Xu
    • 2
  1. 1.Atmospheric Observation Technology CenterJiangxi Meteorological BureauNanchangChina
  2. 2.Nanchang Meteorological BureauNanchangChina

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