Role of MicroRNAs in Anesthesia-Induced Neurotoxicity in Animal Models and Neuronal Cultures: a Systematic Review
Exposure to anesthetic agents in early childhood or late intrauterine life might be associated with neurotoxicity and long-term neurocognitive decline in adulthood. This could be attributed to induction of neuroapoptosis and inhibition of neurogenesis by several mechanisms, with a pivotal role of microRNAs in this milieu. MicroRNAs are critical regulators of gene expression that are differentially expressed in response to internal and external environmental stimuli, including general anesthetics. Through this systematic review, we aimed at summarizing the current knowledge apropos of the roles and implications of deregulated microRNAs pertaining to anesthesia-induced neurotoxicity in animal models and derived neuronal cultures. OVID/Medline and PubMed databases were lastly searched on April 1st, 2019, using the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) or Title/Abstract words (“microRNA” and “anesthesia”), to identify all published research studies on microRNAs and anesthesia. During the review process, data abstraction and methodological assessment was done by independent groups of reviewers. In total, 29 studies were recognized to be eligible and were thus involved in this systematic review. Anesthetic agents studied included sevoflurane, isoflurane, propofol, bupivacaine, and ketamine. More than 40 microRNAs were identified to have regulatory roles in anesthesia-induced neurotoxicity. This field of study still comprises several gaps that should be filled by conducting basic, clinical, and translational research in the future to decipher the exact role of microRNAs and their functions in the context of anesthesia-induced neurotoxicity.
KeywordsAnesthesia Neurotoxicity MicroRNA Systematic review
We would like to thank all members in Dr. Abou-Kheir’s Laboratory (The WAK Lab) for their help on this work. We would also like to thank the Faculty of Medicine of Beirut Arab University and the Department of Anesthesiology at Hammoud Hospital University Medical Center for their help.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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