Mitochondrial Protection Promoted by the Coffee Diterpene Kahweol in Methylglyoxal-Treated Human Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cells
The coffee diterpene kahweol (KW; C20H26O3) is a cytoprotective agent exhibiting potent antioxidant actions, as demonstrated in several experimental models. In spite of the efforts to elucidate exactly how KW promotes cytoprotection, it was not previously examined whether KW would be able to protect mitochondria of human cells undergoing redox stress. In the present work, we have treated the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line with KW at 0.1–10 μM for 12 h prior to a challenge with methylglyoxal (MG), a reactive dicarbonyl that impairs mitochondrial function. We have found that KW at 10 μM suppressed the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and the bioenergetics decline (including decreased activity of the mitochondrial complexes I and V and reduced production of adenosine triphosphate, ATP) in the MG-treated SH-SY5Y cells. KW also prevented the MG-elicited generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS and RNS, respectively) in the SH-SY5Y cells. In this regard, KW exerted an antioxidant effect on the membranes of mitochondria obtained from the MG-treated cells. The mitochondria-related effects induced by KW were blocked by inhibition of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt or of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. Moreover, silencing of the transcription factor nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) suppressed the mitochondrial protection promoted by KW in the MG-challenged cells. Therefore, KW protected mitochondria by a mechanism associated with the PI3K/Akt and p38 MAPK/Nrf2 signaling pathways.
KeywordsKahweol Mitochondria Methylglyoxal Cytoprotection Antioxidant Nrf2
MRO receives a “Bolsa de Produtividade em Pesquisa 2-PQ2” fellow from the Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento Tecnológico (CNPq) (protocol number 301273/2018-9). This research was supported by CNPq (protocol numbers 400216/2016-7 and 460903/2014-4).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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