The ANKK1 Kinase Gene and Psychiatric Disorders

  • Guillermo Ponce
  • Rocío Pérez-González
  • María Aragüés
  • Tomás Palomo
  • Roberto Rodríguez-Jiménez
  • Miguel Angel Jiménez-Arriero
  • Janet Hoenicka
Article

Abstract

The TaqIA single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, rs1800497), which is located in the gene that codes for the putative kinase ANKK1 (ANKK1) near the termination codon of the D2 dopamine receptor gene (DRD2; chromosome 11q22–q23), is the most studied genetic variation in a broad range of psychiatric disorders and personality traits. A large number of individual genetic association studies have found that the TaqIA SNP is linked to alcoholism and antisocial traits. In addition, it has also been related to other conditions such as schizophrenia, eating disorders, and some behavioral childhood disorders. The TaqIA A1 allele is mainly associated with addictions, antisocial disorders, eating disorders, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders, while the A2 allele occurs more frequently in schizophrenic and obsessive-compulsive patients. Current data show that the TaqIA polymorphism may be a marker of both DRD2 and ANKK1 genetic variants. ANKK1 would belong to a family of kinases involved in signal transduction. This raises the question of whether signaling players intervene in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders. Basic research on the ANKK1 protein and its putative interaction with the D2 dopamine receptor could shed light on this issue.

Keywords

ANKK1 DRD2 Polymorphism TaqIA Dopamine Addictions Schizophrenia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillermo Ponce
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rocío Pérez-González
    • 1
  • María Aragüés
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tomás Palomo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Roberto Rodríguez-Jiménez
    • 1
    • 2
  • Miguel Angel Jiménez-Arriero
    • 1
    • 2
  • Janet Hoenicka
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Unidad de Alcoholismo y Patología Dual, Servicio de PsiquiatríaHospital UniversitarioMadridSpain
  2. 2.CIBER de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM)Instituto de Salud Carlos IIIMadridSpain

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