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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 686–695 | Cite as

A survey of gastrointestinal parasites of goats in a goat market in Kathmandu, Nepal

  • Tirth Raj GhimireEmail author
  • Namita Bhattarai
Original Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

Gastrointestinal (GI) parasites in goats are predominant around the world. They may be the underlying cause of the pathological and immunological consequences leading to significant economic losses of the goat industry. The main aim of the current research was to reveal the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites, including protozoa, trematodes, and nematodes in the fecal samples of goats in the goat market in Kathmandu, Nepal. A total of 400 goat fecal specimens were purposively collected from the goat market, and they were processed by direct wet mount, sedimentation, floatation techniques, and acid-fast staining, and were observed under the compound microscope. Out of a total 400 fecal samples, 349 (87.25%) were found to be infected with GI parasites among which Eimeria (80.75%), Strongyle (59.25%), Trichuris (29.75%), Strongyloides (28.75%), Moniezia (21.75%), Entamoeba (20%), Fasciola (10.25%), Balantidium (7.75%), Cryptosporidium (4%), Capillaria (1.75%), Trichomonas (1.25%), Ascaris (1.0%), Cyclospora (1%), Blastocystis (0.75%), Giardia (0.5%), and Paramphistomum (0.5%) were reported. GI parasites like protozoa and helminthes were widely distributed in the goats brought for the meat purposes in Kathmandu Valley, showing a high proportion of the goats were having higher risks of morbidity and mortality around the country.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal parasites Goat Nepal Cryptosporidium Eimeria Trichuris 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge Ms. Jaishree Sijapati, Chief of the Faculty of Science, NAST for her constant support in providing research facilities and Mr. Roshan Babu Adhikari, thesis student from the Central Department of Zoology, Tribhuvan University, Kiritpur, Kathmandu, Nepal for his support in the field and laboratory work.

Author’s contribution

TRG planned, worked in the laboratory, analyzed the data, and wrote the manuscript. NB worked in the field and laboratory and analyzed the data. Both authors read the paper and finalized it.

Compliance with ethical standard

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. The work is a part of the research proposal of Red Book (075/076, Planning Division, NAST).

Animal rights

The authors declare that the study was conducted on naturally-infected goats which had been brought to the goat market from all over Nepal. No experimental infection was established during this research work. Goats were not directly involved in the study.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Animal Research Laboratory, Faculty of ScienceNepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST)Khumaltar, LalitpurNepal
  2. 2.Biotechnology DivisionNepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC)Khumaltar, LalitpurNepal

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