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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 658–671 | Cite as

Evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy of albendazole-loaded silver nanoparticles against Echinococcus granulosus infection in experimental mice

  • Nashaat E. Nassef
  • Abdel-Gawad E. Saad
  • Nancy M. Harba
  • Engy V. N. BeshayEmail author
  • Marwa A. Gouda
  • Sawsan S. Shendi
  • Asmaa Shams El-Dein Mohamed
Original Article
  • 60 Downloads

Abstract

The drug of choice for treatment of hydatid disease, albendazole (ABZ) is a poorly water-soluble drug; thus, enhancing its solubility is required. Among metal nanoparticles (NPs), silver (Ag) NPs showed antimicrobial efficacies. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate nanosilver particles (Ag NPs) free or combined with albendazole against Echinococcus granulosus infection in vivo. In this study, besides the normal control group (GI) (n = 5), 80 mice were infected with 2000 viable protoscoleces intraperitoneally then divided equally (n = 20) into the infected control (GII), ABZ-treated (GIII), nanosilver-treated (GIV) and ABZ-loaded-Ag NPs-treated (GV) groups. On the 90th post-infection day, treatment was started and continued for 8 weeks then the experiment was terminated. Each mouse was subjected to measurement of hydatid cysts’ sizes and weights, serum IFN-γ, liver enzymes; histopathological and transmission electron microscopy studies. In all treated groups, there were significant reductions of hydatid cysts’ sizes and weights; however, the highest efficacy rate (63.9%) was detected in group V associated with obvious ultrastructure alterations of the cysts. The liver tissues of group II showed intense granulomatous reactions, congestion, fibrosis, necrosis and steatosis associated with significant increases in serum IFN-γ and liver enzymes. Interestingly, the best antiparasitic effect and the most significant reduction of IFN-γ towards the normal values were found in GV. Moreover, Ag NPs had reduced the toxic effects of ABZ such as necrosis, steatosis and the elevated serum liver enzymes. Therefore, loading ABZ on Ag NPs could be a potential method to improve ABZ efficacy against hydatid disease.

Keywords

Albendazole E. granulosus IFN-γ In vivo Nanosilver particles Ultrastructure 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would acknowledge Prof. Ibrahim Shalash, the professor of Parasitology and Immunology at Theodor Bilharz Research Institute for his help in preparation of the nanoparticles.

Author’s Contribution

EVNB and SSS put the idea of the study. All authors prepared the research protocol and the study design. SSS isolated E. granulosus protoscoleces from hydatid cysts, carried out the experimental infection in mice, administrated the therapeutic doses, follow up of the mice, the parasitological study and tissue sampling. SSS and MAG performed mice sacrificing and collected the blood samples from mice, separated sera and carried out the measurement of liver enzymes and serum IFN-γ. ASEDM examined the stained liver sections and interpreted the histopathological results. SSS and EVNB interpreted the transmission electron microscopy results. SSS collected and tabulated the data while NEN, AES, NMH and EVNB participated in analysis and interpretation of the data. EVNB prepared and wrote the manuscript. All authors had read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Parasitology Department, Faculty of MedicineMenoufia UniversityShebin El-KomEgypt
  2. 2.Clinical and Molecular Parasitology Department, National Liver InstituteMenoufia UniversityShebin El-KomEgypt
  3. 3.Pathology Department, Faculty of MedicineMenoufia UniversityShebin El-KomEgypt

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