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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 607–615 | Cite as

Protozoan and helminthes parasites endorsed by imported camels (Camel dromedaries) to Egypt

  • Khaled A. S. El-Khabaz
  • Sara S. Abdel-HakeemEmail author
  • Mohsen I. Arfa
Original Article
  • 82 Downloads

Abstract

The prevalence and species spectrum of some blood and intestinal parasites affecting imported camels was studied on a total of 120 clinically suspected camels (males) imported to Egypt from Sudan during the period from January till July 2016 in Abu-Simbel quarantine station, Aswan governorate. Blood and fecal samples were collected from all camels under the study. The fecal samples were collected and examined by sedimentation–floatation techniques for detection of parasitic eggs/oocysts. Coprological examination revealed that the prevalence rate of the parasitic infection was 60% (72 out of 120). Eighteen species of helminthes/protozoan parasites eggs/oocysts were encountered stongyles species were the hightest prevalent of nematodes 12.5%. Four genera of flat worms were identified in the present study including Paramphistomum sp. 0.8%, Fasciola sp. 3.3%, Moniezia sp. 7.5% and Dicrocoelim sp. 0.8%. Four species of Eimeria were identified (E. cameli, E. dromedarii, E. rajasthaniand E. pellerdyi) in infected camels the commenst one is E. cameli 15.8%, Cryptospridium sp. and Balatidium coli were recorded with a prevalence rate about 15.8%, 8.3% and 6.7% respectively. Blood smears from jugular vein revealed that 2.5% of camels were infected with Dipetalonema evansi. Wide spectrum and high prevalence of internal parasites were observed in the present study which may be lead to severe economic losses, so the application of control measures and treatment of infected camels with specific and effective drugs during the quarantine period are most important to prevent spreading of parasitic infestation and/or introduction of parasites previously not exist in our country.

Keywords

Camels Parasites Blood Protozoan Helminthes 

Notes

Authors’ contribution

Khaled A. Sayed El-Khabaz designed and coordinated the study, shared in sampling and revision the manuscript. Sara S. Abdel-Hakeem assisted in work, manuscript writing and data analysis, Mohsen I. Arfa helped in data analysis and reviewing the final manuscript. All authors discussed the results, commented on the manuscript and gave final approval of the final version to be submitted. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Egyptian laws and University guidelines for the care of experimental animals. The protocols of the current experiment were approved by the Committee of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Assiut University, Egypt.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Medicine (Infectious Diseases), Faculty of Veterinary MedicineAssiut UniversityAsyutEgypt
  2. 2.Parasitology Lab, Zoology Department, Faculty of ScienceAssiut UniversityAsyutEgypt
  3. 3.Health Research Institute (Assiut Lab)AsyutEgypt

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