Prevalence of haemoprotozoan diseases in cattle of Cauvery delta region of Tamil Nadu
- 2 Downloads
A study was carried out to determine the prevalence of haemoparasites in cattle in Cauvery delta region over a period of one year. A total of 228 giemsa stained blood smears were screened for the presence of haemoprotozoa, out of which 34 animals were found to be positive. An overall prevalence of haemoparasites in the sampled cattle were 14.9%, among this Anaplasma sp (8.3%), Babesia sp (3.95%), Theileria sp (2.19%) and Trypanosoma sp (0.44%) as single or mixed blood parasitic infections. In this study Anaplasmosis (14%) was highly prevalent during the winter season and Babesiosis (13.73%) was highly prevalent during summer months followed by Anaplasmosis (9.8%) and Theileriosis (7.8%), the lowest prevalence of Trypanosomiasis was observed during the rainy season. The seasonal variation in prevalence of haemoprotozoan disease might be due to influence of climatic factors on density of vector population in that geographical area. Haemogram revealed decreased level of haemoglobulin, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count. The serum biochemistry revealed elevated level of liver enzyme Asparate transaminase enzyme. All haemoparasitaemic animals were treated with specific drugs and recovered successfully.
KeywordsCattle Prevalence Anaplasmosis Babesiosis Theileriosis Cauvery delta region
The authors are thankful to the Dean, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Orathanadu and the Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai-51, Tamil Nadu for providing facilities.
KJ was involved in sample collection, screening of haemoprotozoa, treatment planning, case follow up and preparation of Manuscript. MS was involved in haematological analysis and go through the manuscript for correction. MV was carried out biochemical analysis of serum samples and go through the manuscript. MV, SY and PKR involved in sample collection. PS was involved in treatment planning and manuscript correction. MKV Confirmed the specific morphology of blood parasites.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Alam TH, Nasr SM (2011) Hematological and biochemical investigation in bovine babesiosis and theileriosis. Benha Vet Med J 22(2):118–126Google Scholar
- Anwar K (2018) Epidemiology of tick-borne infection in ruminants in Peshawar. J Adv Parasitol 5(1):6–10Google Scholar
- Benjamin MM (2010) Haematology in outline of Veterinary clinical pathology, 3rd edn. Kalyani publishers, New Delhi, pp 48–92Google Scholar
- Devendra C (1995) In global agenda for livestock research. EDS, ILRI, Nairobi, pp 41–48Google Scholar
- Eyo JE, Ekeh FN, Ivoke N, Atama CI, Onah IE, Ezenwaji NE, Ikele CB (2014) Survey of tick infestation of cattle at four selected grazing sites in the tropics. Glob Vet 12(4):479–486Google Scholar
- Ghosh S, Nagar G (2014) Problem of ticks and tick-borne diseases in India with special emphasis on progress in tick control research: a review. J Vector Borne Dis 5(1):259–270Google Scholar
- Nair AS, Ravindran R, Lakshmanan B, Kumar SS, Tresamol PV, Saseendranath MR, Senthilvel K, Rao JR, Tewari AK, Ghosh S (2011) Haemoprotozoa of cattle in Northern Kerala, India. Tro Biomed 28(1):68–75Google Scholar
- Radostits OM, Blood DC, Gay CC, Hinchcliff KW (2000) Veterinary medicine—a text book of the disease, sheep, goats, pigs and horse, 9th edn. ELBS, Baillier, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Rajasokkappan S, Selvaraju G (2016) Prevalence of anaplasmosis in goats in Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu. Int J Sci Environ Technol 5(2):511–514Google Scholar
- Rani NL, Sreedevi C, Annapurna P, Aswani Kumar K (2010) Clinical management and haemato-biochemical changes in babesiosis in buffaloes. Buffalo Bull 29(2):92–94Google Scholar
- Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminths, arthropods and protozoan of domesticated animals, 7th edn. Bailiere Tindall and Cassell Ltd., LondonGoogle Scholar