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Balantidiasis in an Asiatic elephant and its therapeutic management

  • N. Thakur
  • R. Suresh
  • G. E. ChethanEmail author
  • K. Mahendran
Original Article
  • 16 Downloads

Abstract

A 14 years old female Asiatic elephant was presented to the hospital with a history of mucoid watery diarrhea, inappetence and lethargy. Clinical examination revealed normal body temperature (98.2 °F), tachycardia (42 bpm), eupnoea (14/min), congested mucous membrane and dehydration. Haemato-biochemical parameters are well within the range. Microscopic examination of faecal sample revealed presence of live, motile and pear shaped ciliated Balantidium coli protozoa. Based on clinical and laboratory examination, the condition was diagnosed as balantidiasis. The animal was treated with Tab. Metronidazole (10 mg/Kg, PO, BID) for 5 days. Supportive treatment was done with antacids, hepatoprotectants and multivitamin supplements. An uneventful recovery was noticed after 5 days of treatment.

Keywords

Asiatic elephant Diarrhea Balantidium coli Balantidiasis Metronidazole 

Abbreviations

B. coli

Balantidium coli

bpm

Beats per minute

E. coli

Escherichia coli

GIT

Gastro-intestinal tract

Notes

Author contributions

Manuscript was written by NT as well contributed in disease diagnosis. SR had attended the case and sent samples for diagnosis. CGE contributed in disease diagnosis, management and review part. MK contributed in disease diagnosis and management.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of MedicineIndian Veterinary Research InstituteIzatnagar, BareillyIndia
  2. 2.Department of Animal HusbandryPuducherryIndia
  3. 3.Department of Veterinary MedicineCollege of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, SelesihAizawlIndia

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