Rare report of orchitis in a bull due to Trypanosoma evansi infection
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A 9 years old bull was presented to the hospital with a history of scrotal swelling for a period of 12 days and progressive emaciation with intermittent fever. Clinical examination revealed the swollen and painful scrotum with fluid thrill, mild abduction and disorientation of hindlimbs were noticed. Ultrasonography of the testes revealed the anechoic fluid in between the visceral and parietal layers of tunica vaginalis of testis with variation in the echogenicity of the testes. Stained peripheral blood smear examination revealed the presence of Trypanosoma evansi organisms. The bull was administered with diminazene aceturate, enrofloxacin, flunixin meglumine, multivitamin injections and dextrose normal saline. Uneventful recovery was noticed following the therapy.
KeywordsBull Trypanosoma evansi Orchitis Ultrasonography
The authors are thankful to the authorities of Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University for providing the facilities to carry out the study.
Both the authors had equal role for the study. S. Sivajothi diagnosed the case as suffering from Trypanosoma evansi and prepared the manuscript for submission. B. Sudhakara Reddy has done the ultrasonography and edited the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Both the authors have no conflict of interest regarding publication of the article.
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