A survey on endoparasites in wild rodents of the Jaz Murian depression and adjacent areas, southeast of Iran
- 69 Downloads
In this survey, rodents and their endoparasites were investigated in the Jaz Murian depression and adjacent areas, southeast Iran. In total, 146 specimens of rodents belong to 13 species were trapped. In general, 10 different genera of endoparasites including 11 species were collected. The endoparasites were identified as follows: (1) Nematodes: Trichuris muris, Syphacia obvelata, Labiostomum sp., Labiostomum naimi, Mastrophorus muris, Aspicularis tetraptera and Heligmosomoides skrjabini, Physaloptera sp. (2) Cestodes: Choanotaenia sp., Raillietina sp., and Hymenolepis diminuta. Of 146 captured rodents, Tatera indica was found with high parasitic infestation (with 93% infested) comparing to Acomys dimidiatus (66%), Rattus rattus (50%), Meriones libycus (15%), Jaculus blanfordi (14%) and Mus musculus (8%) whereas, seven rodent species, Nesokia indica, Gerbillus nanus, Golunda ellioti, Calomyscus hotsoni, Apodemus witherbyi, Cricetulus migratorius and Microtus mystacinus were free from any parasitic infestation. Those six infested rodent species were collected from the center of the Jaz Murian depression, whereas seven non-infested rodents’ species except N. indica and G. nanus live in the marginal ranges of the Jaz Murian depression, therefore, these species inhabiting the central parts were supposed to be more important from the health aspect. The species, Labiostomum naimi collected from A. dimidiatus is the first report of this species in rodents from Iran.
KeywordsThe Jaz Murian depression Endoparasites Rodents Labiostomum naimi
This research was supported by grants from the Vice President Research and Technology of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran under Project No. 3/32150. Permission number to collect specimens was authorized by The Iranian Department of Environment (Permission Number: 93/45436; 2014, 18th Nov.). This paper is dedicated to the memory of my supervisor, Prof. Jamshid Darvish, who passed away during this project. We would like also to thank anonymous reviewers for their instructive comments to the primary version of the manuscript.
AK, ARS and GRR shared in the study design, research topics and providing the funds. AK and ZM collected rodent samples and AK, ZM, and FG identified the rodent specimens and wrote the manuscript. AK and ARS collected the endoparasites and performed the laboratory work on endoparasites. AK, ZM, FG, AM, IM, GRR identified the endoparasites. All authors shared in interpretation of the results, and reviewed the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
We declare that we have no conflict of interest.
Animals were captured, handled and euthanized while observing the regulations on animal welfare (28/1998).
For this type of study informed consent is not required.
- Asgari Q, Motazedian MH, Mehrabani D, Oryan A, Hatam GR, Owji SM, Paykari H (2007) Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Shiraz, southern Iran: a molecular, isoenzyme and morphologic approach. J Res Med Sci 12:7–15Google Scholar
- Babaev Y (1968) Study of helminth fauna of Ochotona rufescens in Turkmenia. Arazity zhivotnykh i rastenii v Turkmenii 8:5–12Google Scholar
- Babaev Y, Sapargel’dyev M (1970) Helminth fauna of Ochotona rufescens (Lagomyidae) and some of its characteristics in different areas of Kopetdag (Turkmenian SSR). Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Turkmenskoi (Turkmenistan SSR Ylymlar Akademijasynyn Habarlary). Biol Nauki 1:58–65Google Scholar
- Darvish J, Mohammadi Z, Mahmoudi A, Siahsarvie R (2014) Faunistic and taxonomic study of rodents from northwestern Iran. IJAB 10:119–136Google Scholar
- Garedaghi Y, Hashemzade FH (2011) Prevalence rate of endoparasites in wild rabbits of east-Azerbaijan province, Iran. Scholars research library. Ann Biol Res 2(6):31–35Google Scholar
- Garedaghi Y, Khaki AA (2014) Prevalence of gastrointestinal and blood parasites of rodents in Tabriz, Iran, with emphasis on parasitic zoonoses. Crescent J Med Biol Sci 1(1):9–12Google Scholar
- Corbet GB (1978) The mammals of the Palaearctic region: a taxonomic review. British Museum (Natural History), LondonGoogle Scholar
- Kassiri H, Naddaf SR, Javadian EA, Mohebali M (2013) First report on isolation and characterization of Leishamnia major from Meriones hurrianae (Rodentia: Gerbillinae) of a rural cutaneous leishmaniasis focus in south-eastern Iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J 15:789–793PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Khajeh A (2017) Taxonomic revision of rodents in the Jaz Murian depression and identification of their parasites. Ph.D thesis, Biology Group, Faculty of Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashahd, Iran (in Persian)Google Scholar
- Khajeh A, Darvish J, Razmi G (2015) A contribution on rodents fauna of Jaz Murian depression, southeast Iran. Biodivers J 7(2):203–214Google Scholar
- Khalil LF, Jones A, Bray RA (1994) Key to the cestodes parasites of vertebrates. CABI, WallingfordGoogle Scholar
- Kia EB, Shahryary-Rad E, Mohebali M, Mahmoudi M, Mobedi I, Zahabium F, Zarei Z, Miahipoor A, Mowlavi GH, Akhavan AA, Vatandoost H (2010) Endoparasites of rodents and their zoonotic importance in Germi, Dashte–Mogan, Ardabil province, Iran. Iran J Parasitol 3:44–49Google Scholar
- Majeed ShA (2016) Prevalence of intestinal parasites in Rattus rattus in some districts in Baghdad/Iraq. Al-Anbar J Vet Sci 9(1):43–48Google Scholar
- Meerburg BG, Bonde M, Brom FWA, Endepols S, Jensen AN, Leirs H, Lodal J, Singleton GR, Pelz HJ, Rodenburg TB, Kijlstra A (2004) A towards sustainable management of rodents in organic animal husbandry. J Life Sci 52(2):195–205Google Scholar
- Rafique A, Rana SA, Khan HA, Sohail A (2009) Prevalence of some helminths in rodents captured from different city structures including poultry farms and human population of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Pak Vet J 29(3):141–144Google Scholar
- Rassi Y, Saghafipour A, Abai M, Oshaghi MA, Rafizadeh S, Mohe-bail M, Yaaghobi-Ershadi MR, Mohtarami F, Farzinnia B (2011) Phlebotomus papatasi and Meriones libycus as the vector and reservoir host of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Qom-rood district, Qom province, central Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 4:97–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Salahi-Moghadam A, Khoshdel AR, Barati M, Sedaghat MM (2014) An overview and mapping of malaria and its vectors in Iran. HMJ 18:473–484Google Scholar
- Salehi M, Mokhtari-Amirmajdi M, Eftekharzadeh-Mashhadi I, Hakemi Y, Eftekharzadeh-Mashhadi A, Mirinezhad A (2010) Analysis of malaria epidemic features in Sistan and Baluchistan province, southeast of Iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J 12:247–255Google Scholar
- Vatandoost H, Emami SN, Oshaghi MA, Abai MR, Raeisi A, Piazzak N, Mahmoodi M, Akbarzadeh K, Sartipi M (2011) Ecology of malaria vector Anopheles culicifacies in a malarious area of Sistan va Baluchestan province, south-east Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J 17:439–445PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Vazirianzadeh B, Saki J, Jahanifard E, Zarean M, Amraee K, Navid Pour S (2013) Isolation and identification of Leishmania species from sandflies and rodents collected from Roffaye district, Khuzestan province, southwest of Iran. Jundishapur J Microbiol 6:e10025Google Scholar
- Yamaguti S (1962) Systema Helminthu. The nematodes of vertebrates, vol 3. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar