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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 331–340 | Cite as

A systematic evidence review of the effect of climate change on malaria in Iran

  • Javad Babaie
  • Mohammad Barati
  • Maryam Azizi
  • Adel Ephtekhari
  • Seyed Javad Sadat
Review Article
  • 96 Downloads

Abstract

Climate is an effective factor in the ecological structure which plays an important role in control and outbreak of the diseases caused by biological factors like malaria. With regard to the occurring climatic change, this study aimed to review the effects of climate change on malaria in Iran. In this systematic review, Cochrane, PubMed and ScienceDirect (as international databases), SID and Magiran as Persian databases were investigated through MESH keywords including climate change, global warming, malaria, Anopheles, and Iran. The related articles were screened and finally their results were extracted using data extraction sheets. Totally 41 papers were resulted through databases searching process. Finally 14 papers which met inclusion criteria were included in data extraction stage. The findings indicated that Anopheles mosquitoes are present at least in 115 places in Iran; they are compatible with climatic zones of Iran. Malaria and it’s vectors are affected by climate change. Temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, wind intensity and direction are the most important climatic factors affecting the growth and proliferation of Anopheles, Plasmodium and the prevalence of malaria. The transmission of malaria in Iran is associated with the climatic factors of temperature, rainfall, and humidity. Therefore, with regard to the occurring climatic change, the incidence of the disease may also change which needs to be taken into consideration while planning of malaria control.

Keywords

Climate change Global warming Malaria Anopheles Iran 

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javad Babaie
    • 1
  • Mohammad Barati
    • 2
  • Maryam Azizi
    • 3
  • Adel Ephtekhari
    • 3
  • Seyed Javad Sadat
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Iranian Center of Excellence in Health Management, School of Management and Medical InformaticsTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  2. 2.Infectious Diseases Research CenterAja University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Health in Disaster and Emergency, School of Public HealthShahid Sadoughi University of Medical SciencesYazdIran
  4. 4.Social Determinants of Health Research CenterYasuj University of Medical SciencesYasujIran

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