Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 684–686 | Cite as

Population characteristics of black kite lice

  • A. K. Saxena
Original Article


A look on literature revealed that the population characteristics of Phthiraptera infesting Black Kite, Milvus migrans Boddaert deserved investigation. Thirty-two kites were sampled in district Rampur (U.P.) India during January 2011–December 2012, for the presence of phthirapteran ectoparasites. Two amblyceran species, Laemobothrion maximum Scopoli and Colpocephalum turbinatum Denny and one ischnoceran louse, Degeeriella regalis Giebel were recovered. The prevalence, intensity of infestation, sample mean abundance, range of infestation, sex ratios, and adult nymph ratios of three lice were recorded. C. turbinatum ranked first in the order of prevalence and intensity of infestation, followed by D. regalis. The prevalence and intensity of L. maximum was quite low.


Phthiraptera Biting lice Mallophaga Black kite lice 



The authors are thankful to Principal Govt. Raza P. G. College, Rampur for providing the laboratory facilities.


  1. Agarwal GP, Ahmad A, Rashmi A, Arya G, Bansal N, Saxena AK (2011) Bio-ecology of the louse Upupicola upupae, infesting the Common Hoopoe, Upupa epops. J Insect Sci 11(26):1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ahmad A, Khan V, Badola S, Arya G, Bansal N, Saxena AK (2010) Population characteristics and the nature of egg shells of two phthirapteran species parasitizing Indian cattle egrets. J Insect Sci 10:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmad A, Arya G, Saxena R, Bansal N, Saxena AK (2011) Prevalance of Myrsidea salimalii (Amblycera: Phthiraptera) on striated babblers (Turdoides earlei) (Timaliidae: Passeriformes: Aves). J Parsit Dis. doi: 10.1007/s12639-011-0062-3 Google Scholar
  4. Ahmad A, Saxena AK, Gupta N (2012) Population characteristics of Austromenopon durisetosum on common snipe (Gallinago gallinago) (Scolopacidae: Charadriiformes: Aves). Nat J life Sci 9(1):69–71Google Scholar
  5. Ahmad A, Arya G, Bansal N, Saxena AK (2013) Stray notes on two phthirapteran species occurring on Indian grey horn bill, Tockus birostris Scopoli (Coraciformes: Bucerotidae). J Parsit Dis. doi: 10.1007/s12639-013-0409-z Google Scholar
  6. Arya G, Bansal N, Khan V, Ahmad A, Saxena AK (2010) Population characteristics of Phthiraptera occurring on Red Whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus). J Appl Nat Sci 2(2):263–265Google Scholar
  7. Arya G, Bansal N, Ahmad A, Gupta N, Saxena AK (2011) Population ecology of Phthirapteran ectoparasites infesting common Baya (Ploceus philippinus) (Phthiraptera: Insecta). Turk J Vet Anim Sci 35(1):183–185Google Scholar
  8. Beg S, Gupta N, Kumar S, Khan V, Bhatnagar S, Saxena AK (2008) Occurrence of Phthiraptera on the house crow, Corvus splendens (Passreiformes: Corvidae). Entomon 33:75–78Google Scholar
  9. Chandra S, Agarwal GP, Singh SPN, Saxena AK (1990) Seasonal changes in a population of Menacanthus eurysternus (Mallophaga: Amblycera) on the common Myna, Acridotheres tristis. Int J Parasitol 20:1063–1065CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Gupta N, Kumar S, Saxena AK (2007) Prevalence and population structure of lice (Phthiraptera) on the Indian Red Avadavat. Zool Sci 24:381–383CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Khan V, Kumar S, Gupta N, Ahmad A, Saxena AK (2008) Prevalence of phthirapteran ectoparasites on selected poultry in the district, Rampur (U.P.). Indian Vet J 85:447–448Google Scholar
  12. Khan V, Kumar S, Gupta N, Ahmad A, Saxena AK (2009) Prevalence of lice in pigeons. Indian Vet J 86:531–532Google Scholar
  13. Kumar S, Gupta N, Saxena AK (2004) Population composition of selected poultry lice (Phthiraptera). Res Rev Parasitol 64:49–54Google Scholar
  14. Kumar V, Hasan SS, Saxena AK, Arya G, Ahmad A (2013) Population levels of Phthiraptera on grey lag goose, Anser anser (L.). Turkiye Parazitol Derg 37:273–276CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Marshall AG (1981) The ecology of ectoparasitic insects. Acad Press, London, 417 pGoogle Scholar
  16. Rajput S, Joshi VD, Gupta N, Khan V, Saxena AK (2009) Population dynamics of Phthiraptera on Indian Bank Myna, Acridotheres ginginianus. Entomon 34(2):99–102Google Scholar
  17. Rozsa L, Reiczigel J, Majoros G (2000) Quantifying parasites in sample of hosts. J Parasitol 86:228–232CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Santiago AD, Whiteman NK, Parker PG, Ricklefs RE, Valkiunas G (2008) Patterns of parasite abundance and distribution in island populations of Galapagos endemic birds. J Parasitol 91(3):584–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Saxena AK, Agarwal GP, Chandra S, Singh OP (1985) Pathogenic involvement of mallophaga. Z Angew Entomol 99:294–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Saxena AK, Kumar A, Surman, Singh SK (1995) Prevalence of Menopon gallinae Linne. (Phthiraptera: Amblycera) on poultry birds of Garhwal. J Parasit Dis 19(1):69–72Google Scholar
  21. Saxena AK, Surman Singh SK, Kumar A, Trivedi MC (1997) Population composition of poultry shaft louse, Menopon gallinae (Insecta, Phthiraptera, Amblycera, Menoponidae). Rudolstad Nat Hist Sch 7:49–51Google Scholar
  22. Saxena AK, Kumar S, Gupta N, Singh SK (2004) Prevalence of phthirapteran ectoparasitic insects on domestic hens of Rampur. J Parasit Dis 28(1):57–60Google Scholar
  23. Saxena AK, Kumar S, Gupta N, Mitra JD, Ali SA, Srivastava R (2007) Distribution pattern of phthirapterans infesting certain common Indian birds. J Parasitol 93(4):957–958CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Singh SK, Surman Kumar A, Saxena AK (1998) Population composition of four phthirapteran ectoparasites infesting blue rock pigeon Columba livia. J Parasit Dis 22(2):144–147Google Scholar
  25. Singh P, Arya G, Saxena AK (2015) Prevalence and intensity of phthirapteran ectoparasites infesting Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) (Phthiraptera: Insecta). J Parasitol Vect Biol l7:22–28Google Scholar
  26. Trivedi MC, Saxena AK (1991) Population dynamics of chicken body louse, Menacanthus stramineus (Phthiraptera: Amblycera). J Zool Res 4(1&2):37–42Google Scholar
  27. Trivedi MC, Saxena AK, Rawat BS (1992) Incidence of Mallophaga on poultry in Dehradun (India). Angew Parasitol 33:69–78PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Whiteman NK, Parker PG (2004a) Effects of host sociality on ectoparasite population biology. J Parasitol 90(5):939–947CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Whiteman NK, Parker PG (2004b) Body condition and parasite load predict territory ownership in the Galapagos hawk. The Condor 106:915–921CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ZoologyGovernment Raza Postgraduate CollegeRampurIndia

Personalised recommendations