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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 1332–1336 | Cite as

Prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis amongst kindergartens and preschool children in Mazandaran Province, North of Iran

  • Narges Afrakhteh
  • Zahra Marhaba
  • Seif Ali MahdaviEmail author
  • Sahar Garoosian
  • Reyhaneh Mirnezhad
  • Mahsa Eshkevar Vakili
  • Haniye Ahmadi Shahraj
  • Behzad Javadian
  • Rozita Rezaei
  • Mahmood Moosazadeh
Original Article

Abstract

Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is probably the most common helminth, which infects humans. Amongst different age groups, prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis in children is high compared to adults. Oxyuriasis is one of the most significant parasitic diseases of children. This nematode in children can result in loss of appetite, insomnia, grinding of the teeth, restlessness, endometritis, abdominal cramps, diarrhea and etc. Due to important complications of this parasite, the objective of the current study was to determine the prevalence of enterobiasis in kindergarten and preschool children of Amol, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. A total number of 462 children from 32 kindergartens of Amol were examined for the prevalence of E. vermicularis infection, 2013. Adhesive cello-tape anal swab method was trained to parents for sampling. In addition, a questionnaire was designed and filled out to collect demographic information for each individual. Data were analyzed using Chi square test and multivariate logistic regression for each risk factor. The overall prevalence of E. vermicularis infection was 7.1 % (33). Although infection with E. vermicularis in girls 7.9 % was higher compared to boys 6.3 %, there was no significant difference between gender and age (p > 0.05) whereas binary logistic regression showed significant difference between enterobiasis and age (p < 0.05). The findings indicated that the prevalence of E. vermicularis in kindergarten and preschool children is relatively high and still is an important health problem and should not be underestimated due to being highly contagious infection. Therefore, educational programs and mass treatment should be carried out in order to reduce infection incidence in this area and regular parasitological test and attention to personal hygiene in kindergarten and preschool is of great importance.

Keywords

Enterobius vermicularis Oxyuris Prevalence Children Intestinal infection Primary schools 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors greatly appreciate the financial support received through a research grant from Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (the Project Number: 216).

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narges Afrakhteh
    • 1
  • Zahra Marhaba
    • 2
  • Seif Ali Mahdavi
    • 3
    Email author
  • Sahar Garoosian
    • 1
  • Reyhaneh Mirnezhad
    • 1
  • Mahsa Eshkevar Vakili
    • 1
  • Haniye Ahmadi Shahraj
    • 1
  • Behzad Javadian
    • 3
  • Rozita Rezaei
    • 4
  • Mahmood Moosazadeh
    • 5
  1. 1.Student Laboratory Sciences of the Amol Faculty of ParamedicsMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  2. 2.Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of MedicineZanjan University of Medical ScienceZanjanIran
  3. 3.Amol Faculty of ParamedicsMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  4. 4.Amol Faculty of Nursing and MidwiferyMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  5. 5.School of Health, Health Sciences Research CenterMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran

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