Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 1289–1292 | Cite as

Zataria multiflora Bioss: lethal effects of methanolic extract against protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus

  • Sareh Jahanbakhsh
  • Mojgan Azadpour
  • Amir Tavakoli Kareshk
  • Amir Keyhani
  • Hossein Mahmoudvand
Original Article


The present study was aimed to evaluate the lethal effects of Zataria multiflora Boiss (Lamiaceae) methanolic extract against Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces. Protoscoleces were aseptically aspirated from sheep livers having hydatid cysts. Various concentrations of the essential oil (2.5–20 mg/mL) were used for 10–60 min. Viability of protoscoleces was confirmed using eosin exclusion test (0.1 % eosin staining). Obtained results showed that Z. multiflora extract at the concentration of 20 mg/mL after 10 min of exposure killed 100 % protoscoleces. The mean of mortality rate of protoscoleces after 20 min of exposure to the concentration of 10 mg/mL was also 100 %. Lower concentrations of Z. multiflora extract provoked a delayed protoscolicidal activity. The findings indicated potential of Z. multiflora methanolic extract as a natural source for the producing of new scolicidal agent for use in hydatid cyst surgery.


Cystic echinococcosis Zataria multiflora Boiss Scolicidal Protoscoleces 



We would like to thank Mr. Mirbadie and Mr. Sadooghian for preparation of protoscoleces.

Conflict of interests

The author declares that there is no conflict of interests in this study.


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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sareh Jahanbakhsh
    • 1
  • Mojgan Azadpour
    • 2
  • Amir Tavakoli Kareshk
    • 3
  • Amir Keyhani
    • 4
  • Hossein Mahmoudvand
    • 1
  1. 1.Herbal and Traditional Medicines Research CenterKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran
  2. 2.Razi Herbal Medicines Research CenterLorestan University of Medical SciencesKhorramabadIran
  3. 3.Department of Medical ParasitologyIran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Medical ParasitologyJundishapour University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran

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