Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 1044–1046 | Cite as

Stress indices of Grass carp, Ceteopharyngodon idella, (Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1884) change in response to Monogenean parasites pollution, Gyrodactylus spp. and Dactylogyrus spp.

  • Fatemeh Shojaei Tekmedash
  • Mohtaram Hemmatzadeh
  • Hossein Khara
Original Article


The aim of this research was study of stress indices in response to Monogenean infection in Grass carp, Ceteopharyngodon idella. In this regard, some stress indices were measured in two adult groups of Grass carp including healthy and infected fish. According to our results, the values of cortisol and glucose and lactate were significantly higher in infected fishes than healthy individuals. Elevation of cortisol and glucose demonstrated the existence of stressful condition caused by parasitic infection and demands for energy for adaptation. In conclusion, our results showed that Monogenean infection by Gyrodactylus spp. and Dactylogyrus spp. affects health condition of Grass carp through alternation of stress components.


Stress indices Monogenean infection Grass carp 


  1. Aldrin JF, Messager JL, Laurencin FB (1982) La biochimie clinique en aquaculture. Intérêt et perspective. CNEXO Actes Colloq 14:291–326Google Scholar
  2. Bakke TA, Jansen PA, Hansen LP (1990) Differences in the host resistance of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., stocks to the monogenean Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957. J Fish Biol 37:577–587CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Carey JB, McCormick SD (1998) Atlantic salmon smolts aremore responsive to an acute handling and confinement stress than parr. Aquaculture 168:237–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cecchini S, Saroglia M, Berni P, Cognetti-Varriale AM (1998) Influence of temperature on the life cycle of Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea, Diplectanidae), parasitic on sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax (L.). J Fish Dis 21:73–75CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Cognetti-Varriale AM, Cecchini S, Saroglia M (1992) Therapeutic trials against Diplectanum aequans (Monogenea), parasite of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrux, L.) in intensive farming. Bull Eur Assoc Fish Pathol 12:204–206Google Scholar
  6. Cunningham CO, McGillivray DM, MacKenzie K, Melvin WT (1995a) Identification of Gyrodactylus (Monogenea) species parasitizing salmonid fish using DNA probes. J Fish Dis 18:539–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cunningham CO, McGillivray DM, MacKenzie K, Melvin WT (1995b) Discrimination between Gyrodactylus salaris, G. derjavini, G. truttae (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea) using restriction fragment length polymorphisms, and an oligonucleotide probe within the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene. Parasitology 111:87–94CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Kabata Z (1985) Parasites and diseases of fish cultured in the tropics. Taylor and Francis Ltd, London, p 318Google Scholar
  9. Marbach EP, Weil MH (1967) Rapid enzymatic measurement of blood lactate and pyruvate. Clin Chem 13:314PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Mazeaud MM, Mazeaud F (1981) Adrenergic responses to stress in fsh. In: Pickering AD (ed) Stress and fsh. Academic Press, New York, pp 49–75Google Scholar
  11. Mommsen TP, Vijayan MM, Moon TW (1999) Cortisol in teleosts: dynamics, mechanisms of action, and metabolic regulation. Rev Fish Biol Fish 9:211–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Petrushevski GK, Shulman SS (1961) The parasitic diseases of fishes in the natural waters of the USSR. In: Dogiel VA, Petrushevski GK, Polyanski YuI (eds) Parasitology of fishes. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, pp 299–319Google Scholar
  13. Randall DJ, Perry SE (1992) Catecholamines. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ (eds) Fish physiology, vol 12B. Academic Press, New York, pp 255–300Google Scholar
  14. Saplosky RM, Romero LM, Munck AU (2000) How do glucocorticoids influence stress response? Integrative, permissive, suppressive, stimulatory, and preparative actions. Endocr Rev 21:55–89Google Scholar
  15. Serpunin GG, Likhatchyova OA (1998) Use of the ichthyohaematological studies in ecological monitoring of the reservoirs. Acta Vet Brno 67:339–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Smith JW (1972) The blood flukes (Digenea: Sanguinicolidae and Spirorchidae) of cold blooded vertebrates and some comparison with the schistosomes. Helminthol Abstr 41A:161–204Google Scholar
  17. Vijayan MM, Pereira CE, Grau G, Iwama GK (1997) Metabolic responses associated with confinement stress in tilapia: the role of cortisol. Comp Biochem Physiol 116:89–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wendelaar Bonga SE (1997) The stress response in fish. Physiol Rev 77:591–625CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fatemeh Shojaei Tekmedash
    • 1
  • Mohtaram Hemmatzadeh
    • 2
  • Hossein Khara
    • 3
  1. 1.Master of Reproduction and Aquaculture of Gorgan University of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesGorganIran
  2. 2.Islamic Azad University of Khuzestan, Science and Research BranchKhuzestanIran
  3. 3.Department of Fishery, College of Natural Resources, Lahijan BranchIslamic Azad UniversityLahijanIran

Personalised recommendations