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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 964–967 | Cite as

Prevalence of anti-Leishmania infantum antibodies in dogs from West of Iran

  • Jamal Gharekhani
  • Heidar Heidari
  • Hassan Hajian-Bidar
  • Ehsan Abbasi-Doulatshahi
  • Hossein Edalati-Shokat
Original Article

Abstract

The main aim of present study was to determine the sero-prevalence of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) among stray and owner shepherd dogs in Hamedan province, West of Iran. A cross-sectional study was performed in 2013 using enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). Blood samples (n = 380) were collected randomly from 170 stray and 210 owner shepherd dogs in different regions of Hamedan province. All of animals were asymptomatic. Antibodies to Leishmania infantum were found 3.95 % (0.95 CI: 2–5.9 %). The sero-prevalence rate of infection in stray dogs (6.47 %) was reported higher than owner shepherd dogs (1.9 %) (P = 0.023). There was significant differences among age groups (P = 0.003); unlike to different gender (P = 0.11). This is the first report of CVL in western Iran. Further comprehensive studies in infection rate and predominant Leishmania species in humans, sand flies and animals hosts (wild canines and rodents) is recommended in this region.

Keywords

Leishmania infantum Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) Dog ELISA Hamedan Western Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study has not been supported by any foundation. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jamal Gharekhani
    • 1
  • Heidar Heidari
    • 2
  • Hassan Hajian-Bidar
    • 1
  • Ehsan Abbasi-Doulatshahi
    • 3
  • Hossein Edalati-Shokat
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Parasitology, Central Veterinary LaboratoryIranian Veterinary OrganizationHamedanIran
  2. 2.Department of ParasitologyParaveterinary Faculty of Bu-Ali Sina UniversityHamedanIran
  3. 3.Central Veterinary Laboratory, Department of MicrobiologyIranian Veterinary OrganizationHamedanIran

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