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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 954–957 | Cite as

The prevalence of ovine Eimeria infection in Rudsar, North of Iran, (2011–2012)

  • S. R. Nourollahi-Fard
  • J. Khedri
  • O. Ghashghaei
  • N. Mohammadyari
  • H. Sharifi
Original Article
  • 121 Downloads

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of Eimeria infection in sheep in Rudsar, North of Iran, in period of 1 year (March 2011 to March 2012). The samples (approximately 3–5 grams of faeces) were collected from the rectum of 270 sheep and transferred to the parasitology laboratory. Eimeria species were identified following sporulation of faeces in a thin layer of 2.5 % potassium dichromate for one or 2 weeks at 27 °C. Out of 270 faecal samples examined, 170[(63.0 %; 95 % Confidence Interval (CI) 56.9–68.7)] were positive for Eimeria spp. Five species of Eimeria, including E. ahsata, E. ovina, E. crandallis, E. parva and E. ovinoidalis were identified in faecal samples by modified McMaster technique. The most frequent species was E. crandallis. Sheep were considered in four age groups (less than 1 year old, 1–2 years old, 2–3 years old and over 3 years old).The results also indicated that less than 1 year old sheep have greater infection ratio as compare with older animals. Female had significantly higher prevalence of Eimeria than male. Higher infection was seen in females compare to males and in winter compare to summer. Parasitological gross and microscopic examinations revealed Eimeria infection is common in sheep of Rudsar, North Iran.

Keywords

Eimeria Sheep Rudsar Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors thank the many sheep herd owners in Rudsar, without whose help this study would not have been possible.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. R. Nourollahi-Fard
    • 1
  • J. Khedri
    • 1
  • O. Ghashghaei
    • 1
  • N. Mohammadyari
    • 2
  • H. Sharifi
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineShahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran
  2. 2.Shahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran
  3. 3.Department of Food Hygiene and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineShahid Bahonar University of KermanKermanIran
  4. 4.Research Center for Modeling in Health, Institute for Futures Studies in HealthKerman University of Medical SciencesKermanIran

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