Advertisement

Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 930–934 | Cite as

Domestic dog as a human health hazard in north of Iran

  • Shahabeddin Sarvi
  • Ahmad Daryani
  • Mahdi Sharif
  • Mohammad Taghi Rahimi
  • Davood Azami
  • Zahra Marhaba
  • Ehsan Ahmadpour
  • Azadeh Mizani
Original Article

Abstract

An epidemiological study was conducted to determine the prevalence of helminthic parasites of domestic dogs using stool samples in north of Iran in 2013. Stool samples (n = 100) were collected from domestic dogs of different ages and genders. Different techniques including wet smear, formalin-ether sedimentation method and flotation technique in saturated zinc chloride solution were performed on collected stools to detect eggs and larval stage of helminthes parasites. The overall prevalence of helminthic parasites of examined stools of dogs was 57 %. The examined domestic dogs harbored eggs of eight species of helminthes including: Taenia spp., Diyplidium caninum, Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina, Capillaria aerophila, Mesostesphanus spp. and Trichuris volpis. T. canis and T. volpis were the most and least prevalent eggs, respectively. No significant statistical differences were observed between infection by helminthic parasites and both gender and age of the dogs (P > 0.05). Considering high level of helminthic infection in the stool of examined domestic dogs, a contiguous educational program to increase awareness of dog owners and an effective anti-parasite control programmed is highly recommended in order to reduce the danger of zoonotic diseases in north of Iran. This is the first report of C. aerophila and Mesostesphanus spp. from dog in Iran.

Keywords

Dog Zoonose Parasite Helminth Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to appreciate very much for kind collaboration of Mr. Ghohardehi. They also would like to thank of financially supported by Vice Chancellors for Research of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences (project number: 92-51).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

References

  1. Bahrami A, Doosti A, Nahravanian H, Noorian AM, Asbchin SA (2011) Epidemiological survey of gastro-intestinal parasites in stray dogs and cats. Aust J Basic Appl Sci 5:1944–1948Google Scholar
  2. Chiodo P, Basualdo J, Ciarmela L, Pezzani B, Apezteguía M, Minvielle M (2006) Related factors to human toxocariasis in a rural community of Argentina. Memórias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 101:397–400CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Fok E, Szatmari V, Busak K, Rozgonyi F (2001) Epidemiology: prevalence of intestinal parasites in dogs in some urban and rural areas of Hungary. Vet Q 23:96–98CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Fontanarrosa MF, Vezzani D, Basabe J, Eiras DF (2006) An epidemiological study of gastrointestinal parasites of dogs from Southern Greater Buenos Aires (Argentina): age, gender, breed, mixed infections, and seasonal and spatial patterns. Vet Parasitol 136:283–295CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Gholami I, Daryani A, Sharif M, Amouei A, Mobedi I (2011) Seroepidemiological survey of helminthic parasites of stray dogs in Sari City, northern Iran. Pak J Biol Sci 14:133–137CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Hoghooghi-Rad N, Maraghi S, Narenj-Zadeh A (1987) Capillaria philippinensis infection in Khoozestan Province, Iran: case report. Am J Trop Med Hyg 37:135–137CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Itoh N, Kanai K, Hori Y, Hoshi F, Higuchi S (2009) Prevalence of Giardia intestinalis and other zoonotic intestinal parasites in private household dogs of the Hachinohe area in Aomori prefecture, Japan in 1997, 2002 and 2007. J Vet Sci 10:305–308CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Katagiri S, Oliveira-Sequeira T (2008) Prevalence of dog intestinal parasites and risk perception of zoonotic infection by dog owners in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Zoonoses Public Health 55:406–413CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Khante G, Khan L, Bodkhe A, Suryawanshi P, Majed M, Suradkar U, Gaikwad S (2009) Epidemiological survey of gastro-intestinal parasites of non-descript dogs in Nagpur City. Vet World 2:22–23Google Scholar
  10. Makene V, Muhairwa A, Mtambo M, Kusiluka L, Kambarage D, Maeda G (1996) Prevalence of canine gastrointestinal parasites in Morogoro, Tanzania. J Appl Anim Res 10:149–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Muller R (2002) Worms and human disease. CABi Publishing, WallingfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Paul E, Serpell J (1996) Obtaining a new pet dog: effects on middle childhood children and their families. Appl Anim Behav Sci 47:17–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Rahimi MT, Sharifdini M, Ahmadi A, Laktarashi B, Mahdavi SA, Kia EB (2011) Hydatidosis in human and slaughtered herbivores in Mazandaran province, northern Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 1:212–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rakhshanpour A, Harandi MF, Mowlavi G, Babaei Z, Ari M (2012) Seroprevalence of human Hydat in Qom Province. Iran J Parasitol 7:10–15PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Ramírez-Barrios RA, Barboza-Mena G, Muñoz J, Angulo-Cubillán F, Hernández E, González F, Escalona F (2004) Prevalence of intestinal parasites in dogs under veterinary care in Maracaibo, Venezuela. Vet Parasitol 121:11–20CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Schmidt GD, Roberts LS, Janovy J (1996) Gerald D Schmidt & Larry S. Roberts’ Foundations of Parasitology. Wm. C Brown Publisher, DubuqueGoogle Scholar
  17. Sharif M, Daryani A, Barzegar G, Nasrolahei M, Khalilian A (2010) Seroprevalence of toxocariasis in schoolchildren in Northern Iran. Pak J Biol Sci 13:180–184CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Swai E, Kaaya E, Mshanga D, Mbise E (2010) A survey on gastro-intestinal parasites of nondescript dogs in and around Arusha Municipality, Tanzania. Int J Anim Vet Adv 2:63–67Google Scholar
  19. Talaizadeh A, Maraghi S, Jelowdar A, Peyvasteh M (2007) Human toxocariasis: a report of 3 cases. Pak J Med Sci 23:782Google Scholar
  20. Youssefi MR, Mousapour A, Nikzad R, Gonzalez-Solis D, Halajian A, Rahimi MT (2014) Gastrointestinal helminths of the Caspian turtle, Mauremys caspica (Testudines), from Northern Iran. J Parasit Dis 38:1–4 Google Scholar
  21. Zajac AM, Conboy GA (2012) Veterinary clinical parasitology. Wiley, AmesGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shahabeddin Sarvi
    • 1
  • Ahmad Daryani
    • 1
  • Mahdi Sharif
    • 1
  • Mohammad Taghi Rahimi
    • 2
  • Davood Azami
    • 3
  • Zahra Marhaba
    • 4
  • Ehsan Ahmadpour
    • 5
  • Azadeh Mizani
    • 2
  1. 1.Toxoplasmosis Research CenterMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  2. 2.Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of MedicineMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  3. 3.Invasive Fungi Research CenterMazandaran University of Medical SciencesSariIran
  4. 4.Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of MedicineZanjan University of Medical SciencesZanjanIran
  5. 5.Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research CenterTabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran

Personalised recommendations