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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 760–767 | Cite as

The role of Montanide ISA 70 as an adjuvant in immune responses against Leishmania major induced by thiol-specific antioxidant-based protein vaccine

  • Narges Khabazzadeh Tehrani
  • Mehdi Mahdavi
  • Fatemeh Maleki
  • Somayeh Zarrati
  • Fatemeh Tabatabaie
Original Article

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by several species of the genus Leishmania. Montanide ISA 70 is an adjuvant composed of a natural metabolizable oil and a very refined emulsifier from the manide monooleate family. The TSA (thiol-specific antioxidant) is a important antigen of Leishmania major. The purpose of this work was protein-vaccine efficacy as an protection and excellent candidate in the presence Montanide. The expression of recombinant protein was confirmed with SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate) page and Western bloting. 48 BALB/c mice were divided into four groups (TSA/Freund,TSA/Alum + BCG, TSA/Montanide and PBS groups) and immunized with 20 μg of vaccine subcutaneously three times intervals on days 0, 14 and 28. The mice were challenged with parasite 21 days after final immunization. The lymphocyte proliferation was evaluated with Brdu method. Cytokines and also total antibody and subclasses were evaluated with ELISA method. The vaccine formulated with the recombinant TSA protein with Montanide induced lymphocytes proliferation cytokines and total antibody and subclasses as compared with the control group.

Keywords

BCG TSA Montanide Leishmaniasis Vaccine IFN-γ 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank of Iran University of Medical Sciences and Tehran University of Medical sciences for Financial Supports this work.

Conflict of interest

We declare no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Narges Khabazzadeh Tehrani
    • 1
  • Mehdi Mahdavi
    • 2
  • Fatemeh Maleki
    • 3
  • Somayeh Zarrati
    • 1
  • Fatemeh Tabatabaie
    • 4
  1. 1.Biology Dept, Science &Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Immunology DeptPasteur Institute of IranTehranIran
  3. 3.Faculty of Allied MedicineIran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS)TehranIran
  4. 4.Parasitology and Mycology Dept., School of MedicineIran University of Medical Sciences(IUMS)TehranIran

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