Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 741–744 | Cite as

Prevalence of Trichuris spp. in small ruminants slaughtered in Srinagar District (J&K)

  • Nazima Gul
  • Hidayatullah Tak
Original Article


The present study aims to determine the age- wise, sex- wise and month-wise prevalence along with seasonal fluctuations of Trichuris spp. in ovines and caprines slaughtered during a 12 month period in local abattoirs in Srinagar region from August 2011 to July 2012. Adult parasites were identified on the basis of morphological characters (Soulsby Helminths, arthropods and protozoa of domes- 229 ticated animals, CLBS and Bailliere Tinda, London,1982). The highest prevalence (66.6 %) was in the month of Jan, 2012 whereas prevalence was lowest in the month of August 2011. Trichuris count in ovines increased in autumn (42.02 %), reached maximum levels in winter (59.37), and then tended to decline until spring (53.22 %) and reached minimum levels in summer (30.6 %), before increasing again in mid-autumn. Thus with respect to climatic conditions of area from which exotic ovines were imported, Trichuris prevalence was more prevalent in dry season(55.5 %) than in wet season (36.36 %). Moreover, an association was observed between sex and age of the host with prevalence of Trichuris infection. Of the representative examined samples, Trichuris infection was 44.07 % in female host comparative to 38.07 % infection in males (p > 0.05). Likewise young animals were more infected (53.8 %) than the adult ones (32.9 %) and kids (37.5 %). Moreover, Trichuris spp. were more prevalent in goats than in sheep(p < 0.05). Hence, it was concluded that prevalence of Trichuris spp. infecting ovines varied with respect to season, age and sex.


Trichuris Ovines Caprine Prevalence Age and sex 



The authors would like to extend their gratitude to Parasitology laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir for its technical and material support in the realization of this study.


  1. Asanji MF, Williams MO (1987) Variables affecting population dynamics of gastrointestinal helminth parasites of small farm ruminants in Sierra Leone. Bull Anim Health Prod Afr 35:308–313Google Scholar
  2. Blood DC, Radostits OM (2000) Veterinary Medicine, 7th ed edn. Bailliere Tindall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Islam MK (1989) Studies on some epidemiological and pathological aspects of Trichuris spp. infection in Black Bengal goats in Mymensingh, Bangladesh, Thesis. M. Sc. (Vet. Science) in Parasitology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, MymensinghGoogle Scholar
  4. Kuchai JA, Chishti MZ, Zaki MM, Javid A, Dar SA, Muzaffar R, Tak H (2011) Epidemiology of helminth parasites in small ruminants of Ladakh, India. Online J Anim Feed Res 1(5):239–242Google Scholar
  5. Lone BA, Chishti MZ, Ahmad F (2011) Prevalence of coccidian and Gastrointestinal nematode infections in goats of Baramulla district of Kashmir valley. Glob Vet 7(1):27–30Google Scholar
  6. Padwal N, Humbe A, Jadhav S, Borde SN (2011) Seasonal variation of intestinal Trichuris sp. in sheep and goats from Maharashtra State. Int Multidiscip Res J 1(12):17–18Google Scholar
  7. Pal RA, Qayyum M (1992) Breed, age and sex-wise distribution of gastro-Intestinal helminths of sheep and goats in and around Rawalpindi region Pakistan. Vet J 12:60–63Google Scholar
  8. Patel MD, Nauriyal DS, Hasnani JJ, Gupta RS (2001) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitism in goats maintained under semi-intensive and field management systems. Indian J Vet Med 21:99–101Google Scholar
  9. Raza MA, Iqbal Z, Jabbar A, Yaseen M (2007) Point prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthiasis in ruminants in southern Punjab. Pakistan J Helminthol 81:323–328Google Scholar
  10. Rehbein S, Lindner T, Kollmannsberger M, Winter R, Visser M (1997) Helminth infection of slaughtered sheep in Upper Bavaria. 3. Distribution of colonization of nematodes in the large intestine of sheep. Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr 110(6):223–228PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Saha SB, Pramanik S, Mukherjee GS (1996) Prevalence of gastrointestinal nematodes of goats in West Bengal. Indian J Anim Sci 11(1):51–52Google Scholar
  12. Saiful Islam KBM and Taimur MJFA (2008) Helminthic and protozoan internal parasitic infections in free ranging small ruminants of Bangladesh. Slov Vet Res 45(2):67–72Google Scholar
  13. Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminths, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals, 6th Ed edn. CLBS and Bailliere Tindal, London, p 788Google Scholar
  14. Soulsby EJL (1986) Helminths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals, 7th. Ed edn. Bailliere Tindall, London, pp 212–342Google Scholar
  15. Tariq KA, Chishti MZ, Ahmad F, Shawl AS (2008) Epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep managed under traditional husbandry system in Kashmir valley. Vet Parasitol 158:138–143CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Umur S (2005) An abattoir Survey of Gastro-Intestinal Nematodes in Sheep in the Burdur Region Turkey. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 29:1195–1201Google Scholar
  17. Urquhart GM, Armour J, Duncan JL, Dunn AM, Jennings FW (1996) Veterinary Parasitology, 2nd edn edn. Blackwell Science Ltd, London, pp 102–103Google Scholar
  18. Viassof A, Leathwick DM, Heath AC (2001) The epidemiology of nematode infections of sheep. N Z Vet J 49:213–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of KashmirSrinagarIndia

Personalised recommendations