Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 569–579 | Cite as

Sero-epidemiology and risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii among pregnant women in Arab and African countries

  • Mohamed Alkhatim AlsammaniEmail author
Review Article


The epidemiology of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy is a major issue for public health. Primary infection in pregnant women can lead to serious sequelae. This review examined current sero-epidemiology and risks factor data for Toxoplasma gondii in pregnant women in Arab and African countries. A systematic electronic search of published literature was conducted. Data were extracted from relevant studies. Seropositivity is high in both regions. African countries have higher seropositivity than Arab countries due to differences in risk factors. Data on T. gondii infection in pregnancy are scant in many countries, especially where there is lack of political stability. Identified risk factors included eating raw meat, proximity with cats, undercooked food, and increasing maternal age. Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy in Arab and African countries is an underestimated health problem. Further research is needed. This report is a foundation for strategies and policies for intervention needed to combat the consequences of congenital toxoplasmosis.


Toxoplasma gondii Sero-epidemiology Congenital Risk factors African Arab 



The authors would like to acknowledge the editorial assistance of Dr. Belinda Peace.

Conflict of interest

We declare that we have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of MedicineQassim UniversityBuraidahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.College of MedicineBahri UniversityKhartoumSudan

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