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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 591–604 | Cite as

Prevalence of different species of Culicoides in Bangalore rural and urban districts of South India

  • M. Archana
  • Placid E. D’Souza
  • C. Renuka Prasad
  • S. M. Byregowda
Original Article

Abstract

A study was conducted to observe the prevalence of Culicoides a biting midge, important pest and prime vector for various viruses, protozoa and filarid worms. In the vicinity of 11 different farms of cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats in Bangalore rural and urban districts the flies were collected by using UV traps (Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute. ARC. LNR) connected with suction fan for the period of 1 year (2012–2013). Around 83,629 Culicoides were collected of which 77,906 (93.16 %) were female and 5,723 (6.84 %) were males and 40,120 (47.97 %) of C. imicola, 39,366 (47.07 %) C. oxystoma, 2,504 (2.99 %) C. actoni, 1,145 (1.37 %) C. peregrinus, 145 (0.17 %) C. huffi, 120 (0.16 %) C. innoxius, 90 (0.11 %) C. palpifer, 67 (0.08 %) C. anopheles, 37 (0.04 %) C. circumscriptus and 25 (0.03 %) were C. arakawae. It was observed that C. imicola and C. oxystoma were the most predominant species prevalent in Bangalore rural and urban districts of Karnataka.

Keywords

Culicoides Biting midge Prevalence Karnataka 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thankfully acknowledge the help and cooperation of Dr. S. K. Jalali, Principal Scientist of NBAII. The facilities by the ICAR Centre of Advanced Faculty Training in Veterinary Parasitology is gratefully acknowledged. The paper is based on a part of the MVSc Thesis by the first author to the KVAFSU, Bidar.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Archana
    • 1
  • Placid E. D’Souza
    • 1
  • C. Renuka Prasad
    • 2
  • S. M. Byregowda
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre of Advanced Faculty Training, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary CollegeKarnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Science UniversityBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.KVAFSUBidarIndia
  3. 3.IAH&VBBangaloreIndia

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