Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 179–185 | Cite as

Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites of equids from organized farms of Mumbai and Pune

Original Article


A total of 1,304 faecal samples of different species of equids were examined for presence of helminthic eggs from five different centres in Mumbai and Pune regions of Maharashtra state from October 2011 to June 2012. Overall prevalence of helminthic infestation was found to be 20.63 % with higher rate of occurrence in monsoon (31.29 %) followed by winter (20.40 %) and summer (14.23 %). Four species of nematodes viz. strongyles (10.81 %), Strongyloides westeri (13.19 %), Parascaris equorum (0.23 %) and Dictyocaulus arnfieldi (0.23 %); two species of trematodes viz. amphistomes (1.38 %) and Schistosoma indicum (0.31 %) and only one species of cestode viz. Anoplocephala spp. (0.07 %) were encountered in the study. Coproculture studies revealed that Strongylus vulgaris was predominant species (36.87 %) among strongyles followed by cyathostomes. Amongst equids, mules had the lowest prevalence of 14.80 % followed by ponies (20.61 %) horses (38.79) and donkeys (51.90 %).


Helminths Prevalence Season Intensity Species 


  1. Ahamed MI, Brisibe F, Ogbogu VC (1996) Age and sex distribution of equine helminthic infections in arid North Eastern Nigeria. Indian Vet J 73:16–20Google Scholar
  2. Baker JR, Ellis CE (1981) A survey of postmortem findings in 480 horses 1958–1980 (I): causes of death. Equine Vet J 13:43–46CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Banerjee PS, Ram H, Garg R, Yadav CL (2002) An outbreak of trypanosomiasis in a mule farm with a note on other concurrent parasitic infections. Centaur 19:7–9Google Scholar
  4. Banerjee PS, Garg R, Pal D, Yadav CL (2005) Gastrointestinal nematodes in equines: the new face of an age old problem. Intas Polivet 6:236–239Google Scholar
  5. Bhuvankumar CK, Satchidanadam V (1989a) Gastrointestinal parasitic worms in horses at Soorapet near Madras. Centaur 3:103–104Google Scholar
  6. Bhuvankumar CK, Satchidanadam V (1989b) Gastrointestinal parasitic worms in horses at Soorapet near Madras. Centaur 20:35–38Google Scholar
  7. Francisco I, Arias M, Cortinas FJ, Francisco R, Mochales E, Dacal V, Suarez JL, Uriarte J, Morrondo P, Sanchez-Andrade R, Diez-Banos P, Paz-Silva A (2009) Intrinsic factors influencing the infection by helminth parasites in horses under oceanic climate area (NW Spain). J Parasitol Res 2009:1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Giles GJ, Urquhart KA, Longstaffe TA (1985) Larval cyathostomiasis-immature. Equine Veterinary 17(3):196–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hass DK (1980a) Equine parasitism. VM/SAC 74:980–986Google Scholar
  10. Hass DK (1980b) Equine parasitism. Helminth Abstract 49:1414Google Scholar
  11. Katoch R, Katoch S, Agnihotri RK, Sharma KB, Katoch A (2006) Incidence of gastrointestinal helminthes in spiti horses of Himachal Pradesh. Intas Polivet 7(I):64–66Google Scholar
  12. Kaur H, Kaur D (2008) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in domestic animals of patiala and its adjoining areas. J Vet Parasitol 22:25–28Google Scholar
  13. Khajuria JK, Yadav A, Raina AK (2004) Prevalence of helminth parasites in equine of Jammu. Souvenir and Abstracts, 25–27 October, p 50Google Scholar
  14. Mahfooz A, Masood MZ, Yousuf A, Akhtar N, Zafar MA (2008) Prevalence and anthelminthic efficacy of ivermectin against gastrointestinal parasites in horses. Pakistan Vet J 28:76–78Google Scholar
  15. Maria A, Shahardar RA and Bushra M (2011) Studies of prevalence of Gastrointestinalhelminth parasites of equines in central zone of Kashmir Valley. In: Compendium cum Souvenir, XXI NCVP 2011, Mumbai, 5–7 January, 113Google Scholar
  16. Meara B, Mulcahy G (2002) A survey of helminth control practices in equine establishments in Ireland. J Parasitol 109:101–110Google Scholar
  17. Ogbourne CP (1978) Pathogenesis of cyathostome (Trichonemaspp.) infections of the horse.A review. Miscellaneous Publication 5. Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology, St. Albans, p 25Google Scholar
  18. Pal (2002) Equine Strongyles epidemiology anthelmintic efficacy and resistance. M.V.Sc. Thesis (Unpublished) submitted to GBPUA and T, Pantnagar and UttaranchalGoogle Scholar
  19. Pandit BA, Shahardar RA, Jeyabal L (2008) Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasitic Infestation in Equines of Kashmir Valley. Veterinary Scan 3(1):22Google Scholar
  20. Pilania PK, Manohar GS and Khan AK (2012) Intensity of gastrointestinal parasitic infections in horses of animal fairs in Rajasthan. In: Souvenir cum Abstracts, XXII NCVP 2012, Mathura, 15–17 March, 17Google Scholar
  21. Pramod S (2010) Study on incidence of gastrointestinal helminth infection in horses of Nagpur City. M.V.SC Thesis (unpublished) submitted to MAFSU NagpurGoogle Scholar
  22. Proudman Chris (2006) Intestinal Parasites and Equine Colic. US Companion Animal Health 2006:12–13Google Scholar
  23. Raman M, Easwaran C, Gawthaman V, Anbarasan K, Ramaswamy V and Harikrishanan TJ (2004) Species preponderance of Strongyles (Nematoda: Strongyloidea) of draught horses in Southern Peninsular India. Souvenir and Abstracts, 25–27, October, 57Google Scholar
  24. Reinemeyer CR (2009) Rational approaches to equine parasite control. Ad Equine Nutr 4:417Google Scholar
  25. Saeed K, Qadir Z, Ashraf K, Ahmad N (2010) Role of intrinsic and extrinsic epidemiological factors on Strongylosis in horses. J Anim Plant Sci 20(4):277–280Google Scholar
  26. Sattar A (2003) Studies on prevalence and chemotherapy of gastrointestinal and blood parasites in mules and donkeys in and around Faisalabad. MSc. (Hons) Thesis, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, PakistanGoogle Scholar
  27. Sengupta PP, Yadav MP (1997) Occurrence of parasitic infection in ponies of Tarai region, U.P. Indian J Anim Sci 67(6):460–462Google Scholar
  28. Sengupta PP, Yadav MP (1998) Incidence of G.I. Parasites in the organized and the unorganized equipped farms of Haryana. Indian J Anim Sci 68:1218–1220Google Scholar
  29. Sengupta PP, Yadav MP (2001a) Parasitic infection in equines in Bikaner area of Rajasthan. J Vet Parasitol 15(2):163–164Google Scholar
  30. Sengupta PP, Yadav MP (2001b) Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthes in equines in some hilly pockets of western Himalayas. Indian J Anim Sci 73(4):394–396Google Scholar
  31. Sharma S, Shukla PC, Dixit P and Dixit AK (2011) Prevalence of Gastrointestinal helminthes in horses in Malwa region of M.P. In: Compendium cum Souvenir, XXI NCVP 2011, Mumbai, 5–7, January, 115Google Scholar
  32. Snedecor GW, Cocheran WG (1994) Statistical methods, 8th edn. Oxford and IBH, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  33. Soulsby EJL (1965) Textbook of veterinary clinical parasitology. vol. 1. Helminths, Blackwell, pp 334–381, 903–904Google Scholar
  34. Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminthes, Arthropods and Protozoa of domesticated animals. 7th edn., The English Language Book society, Bailliare Tindall, London, p 763–766. Trichonema spp. induced enteropathy: A report of 15 clinical cases. Equine Vet J 17:190–201Google Scholar
  35. Umur S, Mustafa (2009) A survey on helminth infections of equines in the central black region, Turkey. Turk J Vet Anim Sci 33:373–378Google Scholar
  36. Vercruysse J, Harris EA, Kaboret YY, Pangui LJ, Gibson DI (1986) Gastrointestinal helminthes of donkeys in Burkina Faso. Parasitol Res 72:821–825Google Scholar
  37. Williams-Blangero S, Subedi J, Upadhayay RP, Manral DB, Rai DV, Jha B, Edward SR, Blangero (1999) Genetic analysis of susceptibility to infection with Ascarislumbricoides. Am J Trop Med Hyg 60(6):921–926PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Yoseph S, Smith DG, Mengistu A, Teklu F, Firew T, Betere Y (2005) Seasonal variation in the parasite burden and body condition of working donkeys in east Shewa and west Shewa regions of Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Pro 37:4–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Veterinary ParasitologyBombay Veterinary CollegeMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary ParasitologyGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations