Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 85–89 | Cite as

Prevalence of poultry coccidiosis in Jammu region of Jammu & Kashmir State

  • Sourabh SharmaEmail author
  • Asif Iqbal
  • Shagufta Azmi
  • Iram Mushtaq
  • Zahoor Ahmad Wani
  • Showkat Ahmad
Original Article


In this study prevalence of chicken coccidiosis in Jammu division were undertaken in both organized and backyard chickens during the year 2010–2011, with an overall prevalence of 39.58 % on examination of 720 faecal samples. Five Eimeria species were identified viz., E. tenella, E. necatrix, E. maxima, E. acervulina and E. mitis. E. tenella was the predominant species in both organized and unorganized farms. The highest prevalence percentage was found in July, 2011 (68.9 %) and the lowest percentage was found in May, 2011 (12.5 %). Coccidial prevalence was found to be 53.61 % in unorganized (backyard poultry birds) as compared to organized birds (25.55 %). Maximum positive cases of coccidian infection was found in monsoon season (60.55 %) and least in summer season (21.66 %). Birds of age 31–45 days showed more prevalence percentage (58.86 %). Higher oocysts count was recorded from July to September with a peak value (38973.00 ± 3075.6) in July and lowest (12914.00 ± 595.48) in the month of May.


Poultry Coccidiosis Prevalence 



The authors thanks to the Dean, FVSc and A.H., R.S. Pura Jammu for providing necessary facilities at time of research.


  1. Aarthi S, Raj GD, Gaman M, Gomathinayam G, Kumanan K (2010) Molecular prevalence and preponderance of Eimeria species among chicken in Tamil Naidu, India. Parasitol Res 107(4):1013–1017CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Adhikari A, Gupta R, Pant GR (2008) Prevalence and identification of coccidian parasite in layer chicken of Ratnanagar municipality, Chitwan district, Nepal. J Nat Hist Mus 23(7):45–50Google Scholar
  3. Alawa CBI, Mohammed AK, Oni OO, Adeyinka IA, Lamidi OS, Adam AM (2001) Prevalence and seasonality of common health problems in Sokoto Gudali cattle at a beef research station in the Sudan ecological zone of Nigeria. Niger J Anim Prod 28:224–228Google Scholar
  4. Allen PC, Fetterer RH (2002) Recent advances in biology and immunobiology of Eimeria species and in diagnosis and control of infection with these coccidian parasites of poultry. Clin Microbiol Rev 15:58–65CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Arakawa A, Xie MQ (1993) Control of coccidiosis in chicken. J Protozool Res 3:31–39Google Scholar
  6. Ayaz M, Akhtar M, Hayat CS, Hafeez MA, Haq A (2003) Prevalence of coccidiosis in broiler chickens in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Pak Vet J 23:51–52Google Scholar
  7. Bandyopadhyay PK, Bhakta JN, Shukla R (2006) Eimeria indiana (Apicomplexa, Sporozoea), a new Eimerian species from the hen, Gallus gallus domesticus (Aves, Phasianidae) in India. Protistology 4(3):203–206Google Scholar
  8. Bhaskaran MS, Venkatesan L, Aadimoolam R, Jayagopal HT, Sriraman R (2009) Sequence diversity of internal transcribed spacer-1 (ITS-1) region of Eimeria infecting chicken and its relevance in species identification from Indian field samples. Parasitol Res 106(2):513–521CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Cook GC (1988) Small intestinal coccidiosis: an emergent clinical problem. J Infect 16:213–219CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Du A, Hu S (2004) Effects of a herbal complex against Eimeria tenella infection in chickens. J Vet Med 51(4):194–197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hadipour MM, Olyaie A, Naderi M, Azad F, Nekouie O (2011) Prevalence of Eimeria species in scavenging native chickens of Shiraz, Iran. Afr J Microbiol Res 5:3296–3299Google Scholar
  12. Halle PD, Umoh JU, Saidu L, Abdu PA (1998) Diseases of poultry in Zaria, Nigeria: a ten-year analysis of clinical records. Niger J Anim Prod 25:88–92Google Scholar
  13. Hirani ND, Hasnani JJ, Veer S, Patel PV, Dhami AJ (2011) Epidemiological and clinic-pathological studies in Gujarat. J Vet Parasitol 25(1):42–45Google Scholar
  14. Jadhav BN, Nikam SV, Bhamre SN, Jaid EL (2011) Study of Eimeria necatrix in broiler chicken from Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state India. Int Multidiscip Res J 1(11):11–12Google Scholar
  15. Jithendran KP (2001) Coccidiosis—an important disease among poultry in Himachal Pradesh. ENVIS Bull Himal Ecol Dev 9(2):1–3Google Scholar
  16. Karaer Z, Guven E, Akcay A, Kar S, Nalbantoglu S, Cakmak A (2011) Prevalence of subclinical coccidiosis in broiler farms in Turkey. Trop Anim Health Prod 10(9):29–33Google Scholar
  17. Kumar A, Gabhane G, Gogoi D, Raut B (2008) Coccidiosis in broilers: an outbreak in cold desert region. J Vet Parasitol 22(1):61–62Google Scholar
  18. Levine ND (1985) Veterinary protozoology. Iowa State University Press, Ames, p 414Google Scholar
  19. Lillehoj HS, Lillehoj EP (2000) Avian coccidiosis. A review of acquired intestinal immunity and vaccination strategies. Avian Dis 44:408–425CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Lillehoj HS, Min W, Dalloul RA (2004) Recent progress on the cytokine regulation of intestinal immune responses to Eimeria. Poult Sci 83:611–662CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Lima JD (1979) Eimeria caprina sp. from the domestic goat (Capra hircus) from the United States of America. J Parasitol 65(6):902–903CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Livestock Census (2007) Ministry of Agriculture and Dairing, Government of IndiaGoogle Scholar
  23. Lobago F, Worku N, Wossene A (2003) Study on coccidiosis in Kombolcha poultry farm, Ethiopia. Trop Anim Health Prod 37(3):245–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McDougald LR, Reid WM (1997) Coccidiosis. In: Calnek BW, Barnes HJ, Beard CW, McDonald LR, Saif YM (eds) Diseases of poultry, 10th edn. Iowa State University Press, Ames, pp 865–883Google Scholar
  25. Nematollahi A, Moghaddam GH, Pourabad RF (2009) Prevalence of Eimeria species among broiler chicks in Tabriz (Northwest of Iran). Munis Entomol Zoolog 4(1):53Google Scholar
  26. Oluyemi JA, Roberts FA (1979) Poultry production in warm wet climate. J Anim Prod 29:301–311Google Scholar
  27. Pellérdy LP (1974) Coccidia and coccidiosis, 2nd edn. Paul Parey, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  28. Quarzane M, Labbe M, Pery P (1998) Eimeria tenella: cloning and characterization of cDNA encoding a S3a ribosomal protein. Gene 225:125–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Senthilvel K, Basith SA, Rajavelu G (2004) Caprine coccidiosis in Chennai and Kancheepuram districts of Tamil Nadu. J Vet Parasitol 18(2):159–161Google Scholar
  30. Shirley MW, Smith AL, Tomley FM (2005) The biology of avian Eimeria with an emphasis on their control by vaccination. Adv Parasitol 60:285–330CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Sisodia SL, Pathak KML, Kapoor M, Chauhan PPS (1997) Prevalence and seasonal variation in Eimeria infection in sheep in Western Rajasthan. J Vet Parasitol 11:95–98Google Scholar
  32. Sood S, Yadav A, Vohra S, Katoch R, Ahmad BD, Borkatari S (2009) Prevalence of coccidiosis in poultry birds in R.S. Pura region, Jammu. Vet Pract 10(1):69–70Google Scholar
  33. Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminths, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals, 8th edn. English Language Book Society and Bailliere Tindal, London, p 809Google Scholar
  34. Witlock DR, Danforth HD, Ruff MD (1977) Scanning electron microscopy of Eimeria tenella infection and subsequent repair in chicken caeca. J Comp Pathol 85:571–581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yadav A, Gupta SK (2001) Study of resistance against some ionophores in Eimeria tenella field isolates. Vet Parasitol 102(1–2):69–75CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sourabh Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Asif Iqbal
    • 2
  • Shagufta Azmi
    • 1
  • Iram Mushtaq
    • 2
  • Zahoor Ahmad Wani
    • 3
  • Showkat Ahmad
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Veterinary PathologySKUAST-JammuJammuIndia
  2. 2.Disease Investigation Laboratory, Department of Sheep HusbandryNowshera, SrinagarIndia
  3. 3.Division of Veterinary ParasitologySKUAST-KashmirShalimarIndia

Personalised recommendations