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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 37–40 | Cite as

Prevalence of ixodid ticks on cattle, sheep and goats in Ilam County, Ilam Province, Iran

  • Ali Loui Monfared
  • Mohammad Mahmoodi
  • Roohollah Fattahi
Original Article

Abstract

This survey was performed to find out the infestation rate of Ixodidae ticks in domestic ruminants in Ilam County during 21 March 2009 to 23 August 2009. Sampling was performed in 25 villages and 15 animal farm from different areas of this County. A total of 1,316 ticks were collected from 416 cattle, 208 sheep and 147 goats. The overall prevalence of ticks was recorded: 43, 23.5, and 49/6 % in cattle, sheep, and goats respectively. The number of ticks that collected from cattle, sheep, and goat were 328, 573, and 415 respectively. According to the host, Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum (71.4 %), Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum (17.6 %) and Rhipicephalus bursa (11 %) were collected from cattle. Hy. anatolicum (32.1 %), Rh. bursa (42.2 %), Rhipicephalus sanguineus (17.3 %) and Haemaphysalis inermis (8.4 %) were collected in sheep. Rh. bursa (41.5 %), Rh. sanguineus (43.2 %) and Ha. inermis (15.3 %) were observed in goats. In this study, ticks infestation rate of cattle, sheep and goat were (43 %), (23.5 %) and (49.6 %) respectively. In this survey the ticks distribution on the body surface of infested ruminants the highest infestation was found in the udder and tail (21 %) in cattle, ear (42.5 %) and tail (30 %) in sheep and ear (63 %) and tail (17 %) in goats. The lowest number of ticks in body surface of ruminants was observed in the ear and shoulder (2 %) in cattle, head and neck (2 %) in sheep and udder (7 %) in goats. Hy. anatolicum anatolicum, Rh. Sanguineus and Rh.bursa were dominant tick in domestic ruminants of Ilam County.

Keywords

Ixodidae ticks Domestic ruminants Ilam 

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Loui Monfared
    • 1
  • Mohammad Mahmoodi
    • 2
  • Roohollah Fattahi
    • 3
  1. 1.Paraveterinary Faculty of IlamUniversity of IlamIlamIran
  2. 2.Ilam Veterinary DepartmentIlamIran
  3. 3.Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of TehranTehranIran

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