Clinical profile of severe malaria: study from a tertiary care center in north India
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One hundred and sixty patients having clinical features of severe malaria reported during monsoon season-August–October 2010 at this tertiary care center of north India. Of these 110 (68.75 %) had Plasmodium vivax infection, 30 (18.75 %) were infected with P. falciparum and 20 (12.5 %) had co-infection due to P. vivax and P. falciparum. The diagnosis was made using Rapid Card Test and was confirmed by peripheral smear examination of thick and thin films. Several complications such as acute kidney injury, jaundice, severe anemia, metabolic acidosis, shock, hyperpyrexia, hypoglycemia, generalized tonic–clonic convulsions etc. were found to be more prevalent in patients with P. vivax infection. These symptoms were until recently known to be associated with falciparum malaria.
KeywordsPlasmodium vivax Plasmodium falciparum Severe malaria Co-infection
We the authors thank the management of Chattrapati Shivaji Subharti Hospital for allowing us to carry out our research work. We declare that we have not received funding from any source/body for carrying out our research work.
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