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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 271–275 | Cite as

Gastrointestinal parasitic infection in diverse species of domestic ruminants inhabiting tribal rural areas of southern Rajasthan, India

  • S. L. ChoubisaEmail author
  • V. J. Jaroli
Original Article

Abstract

A total of 415 adult domesticated ruminants, 130 cattle (Bos taurus), 108 buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis), 94 goats (Capra hircus) and 83 sheep (Ovis aries) inhabiting tribal rural areas of southern Rajasthan, India were investigated for evidence of gastrointestinal protozoan and helminthic infections. In southern Rajasthan humid ecosystem is predominant and has number of perennial freshwater bodies. Fresh faecal samples of these animals were examined microscopically by direct wet smear with saline and 1 % Lugol’s iodine and formalin ether concentration. Of these 296 (71.32 %) were found to be infected with different species of gastrointestinal parasites. The highest (93.84 %) prevalence of these parasitic infections was found in cattle followed by goats (82.97 %), sheep (55.42 %) and buffaloes (46.29 %). Except cattle no other ruminants revealed protozoan infection. A total 8 species of gastrointestinal parasites were encountered. Among these parasites Fasciola hepatica was the commonest (15.18 %) followed by Haemonchus contortus (11.32 %), Ancylostoma duodenale (10.36 %), Trichuris trichiura (9.15 %), Amphistome species (7.95 %), Moniezia expansa (6.98 %), Strongyloides stercoralis (4.57 %) and Balantidium coli (3.37 %). The prevalence rate of these parasitic infections also varied seasonally. The highest prevalence rate was found in rainy season (84.21 %) followed by winter (73.9 %) and summer (52.8 %). The possible causes for variation in prevalence of parasitic infections are also discussed.

Keywords

Domestic ruminants Gastrointestinal parasites Helminths Infection Protozoan Southern Rajasthan India 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi for financial assistance (sanction number Tribal/46/2008-ECD-II, dated 29th September, 2010). Authors also thank Dr. Zulfiya Sheikh (Assistant Professor of Zoology) for co-operation. Statistical analysis of data by Dr. G.V. Mishra, Head of Zoology Department, Government Girls College, Dungarpur, is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Parasitology Research Laboratory, Post Graduate Department of ZoologyGovernment Meera Girls CollegeUdaipurIndia

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