Advertisement

Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 36, Issue 2, pp 256–259 | Cite as

Prevalence of parasitic infections in cattle of Ludhiana district, Punjab

  • N. K. SinghEmail author
  • Harkirat Singh
  • Jyoti
  • M. Haque
  • S. S. Rath
Original Article

Abstract

A total of 862 cattle were sampled for both haematological (703) and coprological (159) investigations at the Large Animal Clinics, GADVASU, Ludhiana, Punjab, India. Examination of Giemsa-stained peripheral blood smears exhibited that 22.9 % (161/703) of cattle were infected with haematozoa comprising Theileria annulata (14.65 %), Trypanosoma evansi (0.28 %), Babesia bigemina (1.56 %) and Anaplasma marginale (8.53 %) while mixed infection appeared in 2.13 % (15/703) animals. The prevalence of total haemoparasites and A. marginale infections were significantly higher (p < 0.01) in younger animals <1 year of age whereas, T. evansi and A. marginale infections were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in males. Coprological examination revealed that the overall prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) parasitic infection was 16.98 % (27/159). Among the revealed parasites, amphistomes, Fasciola spp., Eimeria spp., Balantidium coli, strongyles and Trichuris spp. were detected from 3.77, 1.88, 3.77, 2.52, 10.69 and 1.26 % of examined animals. Except coccidiosis, there was no significant variation of GI parasitic infections in relation to sex as Eimeria spp. were found higher (p < 0.01) in males. The prevalence of Trichuris spp. was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in younger animals <6 months of age. The present work emphasized that strongyles and T. annulata were the most prevalent GI and haemoparasites, respectively.

Keywords

Cattle Gastrointestinal parasites Haematozoa Punjab 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to The Director of Research, GADVASU, Ludhiana for providing facilities to carry out the research work. The authors are also thankful to the Head, Teaching Veterinary Clinical Services Complex, GADVASU, Ludhiana for his support.

References

  1. Agrawal R, Singh R, Kumar M, Upadhyay AK (2003) Epidemiological features of bovine trypanosomiosis and babesiosis in durg district of Chhattisgarh state. Indian Vet J 80:314–317Google Scholar
  2. Aulakh GS, Singla LD (2006) Clinico-haematobiochemical observations on bovines naturally infected with Theileria annulata. J Vet Parasitol 20:49–52Google Scholar
  3. Brown CGD (1997) Dynamics and impact of tick-borne diseases of cattle. Trop Anim Health Prod 29:1S–3SPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chaudhry ZI, Suleman M, Younus M, Aslim A (2010) Molecular detection of Babesia bigemina and Babesia bovis in crossbred carrier cattle through PCR. Pakistan J Zool 42:201–204Google Scholar
  5. Coles EH (1986) Veterinary clinical pathology. WB Saunder’s Company, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  6. Das AK, Nandi NC, Kumar ORM (1998) Prevalence of bovine surra in Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh. Indian Vet J 75:526–529Google Scholar
  7. Gill BS (1977) Trypanosomes and trypanosomiasis of Indian livestock. ICAR, New Delhi, pp 1–96Google Scholar
  8. Haque M, Jyoti, Singh NK, Rath SS, Ghosh S (2011) Epidemiology and seasonal dynamics of ixodid ticks of dairy animals of Punjab state, India. Indian J Anim Sci 81:661–664Google Scholar
  9. Haque M, Singh H, Jyoti, Singh NK, Singh R, Rath SS (2012) Detection of latent Theileria annulata infection in cattle of Punjab using PCR. Indian Vet J 89:19–21Google Scholar
  10. Hassan SS, Kaur K, Joshi K, Juyal PD (2005) Epidemiology of paramphistomosis in domestic ruminants in different districts of Punjab and other adjoining areas. J Vet Parasitol 19:43–46Google Scholar
  11. Johal M, Kaur PM (1995) Prevalence and severity of nematode infection in some bovines. J Parasitol Appl Anim Biol 4:31–34Google Scholar
  12. Jyoti, Haque M, Singh NK, Juyal PD, Kaur A, Rath SS (2011) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in organized dairy farms. Indian Vet J 88:77–78Google Scholar
  13. Mallick KP, Dwivedi SK, Srivastava NK, Kumar S (1987) A report on the occurrence of haemoprotozoan infection in rural livestock. Indian J Parasitol 11:25–26Google Scholar
  14. Muraleedharan K, Syed ZK, Margoob HP, Pattabyatappa B, Mallikarjun GB, Seshadri SJ (2005) Incidence of Anaplasma sp., Babesia sp. and Trypanosoma sp. in cattle of Karnataka. J Vet Parasitol 19:135–137Google Scholar
  15. Ogden NH, Casey ANJ, French NP, Adams JDW, Woldehiwet Z (2002) Field evidence for density-dependent facilitation amongst Ixodes ricinus ticks feeding on sheep. Parasitology 124:117–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Pal S, Roy S, Pathak AK (2001) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in cattle and buffaloes from Chhattisgarh region. J Vet Parasitol 15:155–156Google Scholar
  17. Raza AM, Iqbal Z, Jabbar A, Yaseen M (2007) Point prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthiasis in ruminants in southern Punjab, Pakistan. J Helminthol 81:323–328Google Scholar
  18. Ruybal P, Moretta R, Perez A, Petrigh R, Zimmer P, Alcaraz E, Echaide I, de Echaide TS, Kocan KM, de la Fuente J, Farber M (2009) Genetic diversity of Anaplasma marginale in Argentina. Vet Parasitol 162:176–180PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Samanta A, Santra PK (2007) Prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths in hot and humid zone of West Bengal. J Vet Parasitol 21:145–148Google Scholar
  20. Sharma AK, Katoch RC, Nagal KB, Kishtwaria RS, Sharma SK (2000) Bovine babesiosis in Palam Valley of Himachal Pradesh. Indian Vet J 77:731–732Google Scholar
  21. Singh A, Gill BS (1977) A note of the prevalence of subclinical anaplasmosis in three herds of cattle and buffaloes in Punjab state. Indian J Anim Sci 47:224–226Google Scholar
  22. Singh H, Jyoti, Haque M, Singh NK, Rath SS (2012) Molecular detection of Anaplasma marginale infection in carrier cattle. Ticks Tick-Borne Dis 3:55–58PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sinha BS, Verma SP, Mallick KP, Samantaray S, Kumar B, Kumar RP (2006) Study on epidemiological aspects of bovine trypanosomosis in some districts of Bihar. J Vet Parasitol 20:69–71Google Scholar
  24. Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminthes, arthropod and protozoa of domestic animals. Bailliere and Tindal, LondonGoogle Scholar
  25. Yadav CL, Gupta RP, Ruprah NS (1985) Studies on protozoan infections in cattle and buffaloes. Indian Vet Med J 9:205–209Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. K. Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Harkirat Singh
    • 1
  • Jyoti
    • 1
  • M. Haque
    • 1
  • S. S. Rath
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary ScienceGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations