Advertisement

Silicon

pp 1–12 | Cite as

Development and Sliding Wear Behavior of Co-Mo-Cr-Si Cladding through Microwave Heating

  • C. Durga PrasadEmail author
  • Sharnappa Joladarashi
  • M. R. Ramesh
  • M. S. Srinath
  • B. H. Channabasappa
Original Paper
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to improve the sliding wear resistance of pure titanium grade-2 substrate by developing CoMoCrSi (Tribaloy T400) cladding on it by using microwave hybrid heating technique. The developed cladding is characterized by microstructural features, phase analysis, measurement of microhardness by employing a scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Vickers microhardness. The cladding and substrate are subjected to sliding wear test against alumina counterpart at elevated temperatures under dry conditions using a pin on disc tribometer. The test is performed by varying normal load and temperatures, whereas sliding speed is maintained constant. The developed clad shown partial melting of CoMoCrSi powders and obtained sound metallurgical bonding with the substrate. The high specific energy of microwave diluted the substrate atoms into cladding region which forms Cr3C2, Co3Ti, and TiC, phases confirmed by phase analysis. The cladding obtained better porosity and microhardness are 1.5 ± 0.2% μm and 760 ± 35 Hv respectively. The substrate exhibits low microhardness of 182 ± 25 Hv. The cladding exhibits 6 times of lower volume loss and 70.14% of less wear rate with respect to the substrate. The cladding experienced least coefficient of friction is 0.55 compared with the substrate. The worn surfaces of cladding and substrate are examined. The detailed mechanism of wear is discussed in this paper.

Keywords

Tribaloy Microwave cladding Partial melt Metallurgical bonding Sliding wear 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors wish to thank Mechanical Engineering department NITK Surathkal for their encouragement and support to carryout wear experiments. This research work did not fund by any government or non-government sectors.

References

  1. 1.
    Bemporad E, Sebastiani M, Casadei F, Carassiti F (2007) Modelling, production, and characterization of duplex coatings (HVOF and PVD) on Ti–6Al–4V substrate for specific mechanical applications. Surf Coat Technol 201:7652–7662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bemporad E, Sebastiani M, Staia MH, Puchi Cabrera E (2008) Tribological studies on PVD/HVOF duplex coatings on Ti6Al4V substrate. Surf Coat Technol 203:566–571CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lin C-M, Yen S-H, Su C-Y (2016) Measurement and optimization of atmospheric plasma sprayed CoMoCrSi coatings parameters on Ti-6Al-4V substrates affecting microstructural and properties using hybrid abductor induction mechanism. Measurement 94:157–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Khun NW, Tan AWY, Bi KJW, Liu E (2016) Effects of working gas on wear and corrosion resistance of cold sprayed Ti-6Al-4V coatings. Surf Coat Technol 302:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ramesh MR, Prakash S, Nath SK, Sapra PK, Venkataraman B (2010) Solid particle erosion of HVOF sprayed WC-Co/NiCrFeSiB coatings. Wear 269:197–205CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bolelli G, Lusvarghi L (2006) Heat treatment effects on the Tribological performance of HVOF sprayed Co-Mo-Cr-Si coatings. J Therm Spray Technol 15:802–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gao F, Liu R, Wu XJ (2010) Tribological behavior of T-401/tin–bronze composite coating deposited by HVOF on the bushing of planet journals. Wear 269:724–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cho JY, Zhang SH, Cho TY, Yoon JH, Joo YK, Hur SK (2009) The processing optimization and property evaluations of HVOF co-base alloy T800 coating. J Mater Sci 44:6348–6355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Utua ID, Marginean G (2017) Effect of electron beam remelting on the characteristics of HVOF sprayed Al2O3-TiO2 coatings deposited on titanium substrate. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 526:70–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sharma AK, Gupta D (2010) Method of cladding/coating of metallic and nonmetallic powders on metallic substrates by microwave irradiation, Indian patent 2010, application No. 527/DelGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gupta D, Sharma AK (2011) Investigation on sliding wear performance of WC10Co2Ni cladding developed through microwave irradiation. Wear 271:1642–1650CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hebbale AM, Srinath MS (2016) Microstructural investigation of Ni-based cladding developed on austenitic SS-304 through microwave irradiation. J Mater Res Technol 5:293–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gupta D, Sharma AK (2011) Development and microstructural characterization of microwave cladding on austenitic steel. Surf Coat Technol 205:5147–5155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gupta D, Bhovi PM, Sharma AK, Dutta S (2012) Development and characterization of microwave composite cladding. J Manuf Process 14:243–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sharma AK, Gupta D (2012) On microstructure and flexural strength of metal–ceramic composite cladding developed through microwave heating. Appl Surf Sci 258:5583–5592CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zafar S, Sharma AK (2014) Development and characterizations of WC–12Comicrowave clad. Mater Charact 96:241–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Srinath MS, Sharma AK, Kumar P (2011) A new approach to joining of bulk copper using microwave energy. Mater Des 32:2685–2694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hebbale AM, Srinath MS (2017) Taguchi analysis on erosive wear behavior of cobalt based microwave cladding on stainless steel AISI-420. Measurement 99:98–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Prasad CD, Joladarashi S, Ramesh MR, Srinath MS, Channabasappa BH (2018) Influence of microwave hybrid heating on the sliding wear behaviour of HVOF sprayed CoMoCrSi coating. Mater Res Express 5:086519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Prasad CD, Joladarashi S, Ramesh MR, Srinath MS, Channabasappa BH (2019) Microstructure and tribological behavior of flame sprayed and microwave fused CoMoCrSi/CoMoCrSi-Cr3C2 coatings. Mater Res Express 6(2019):026512Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Li Y, Cui X, Jin G, Cai Z, Na T, Bingwen L, Gao Z (2017) Interfacial bonding properties between cobalt-based plasma cladding layer and substrate under tensile conditions. Mater Des 123:54–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    García A, Cadenas M, Fernandez MR, Noriega A (2013) Tribological effects of the geometrical properties of plasma spray coatings partially melted by a laser. Wear 305:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Weng F, Yu H, Chen C, Liu J, Zhao L, Dai J, Zhao Z (2017) Effect of process parameters on the microstructure evolution and wear property of the laser cladding coatings on Ti-6Al-4V alloy. J Alloys Compd 692:989–996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bolelli G, Cannillo V, Lusvarghi L, Ricco S (2006) Mechanical and tribological properties of electrolytic hard chrome and HVOF-sprayed coatings. Surf Coat Technol 200:2995–3009CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Khor KA, Li H, Cheang P (2004) Significance of melt-fraction in HVOF sprayed hydroxyapatite particles, splats, and coatings. Biomaterials 25:1177–1186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Ortiz A, García A, Cadenas M, Fernandez MR, Cueto JM (2017) WC particles distribution model in the cross-section of laser cladded NiCrBSi + WC coatings, for different wt% WC. Surf Coat Technol 324:298–306.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2017.05.086. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Huang SW, Samandi M, Brandt M (2004) Abrasive wear performance and microstructure of laser clad WC/Ni layers. Wear 256:1095–1105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhou S, Zeng X, Hu Q, Huang Y (2008) Analysis of crack behavior for Ni-based WC composite coatings by laser cladding and crack-free realization. Appl Surf Sci 255:1646–1653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wood PD, Evans HE, Ponton CB (2010) Investigation into the wear behavior of Tribaloy 400C during rotation as an unlubricated bearing at 600 °C. Wear 269:763–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Fernandez E, Cadenas M, Gonzalez R, Navas C, Fernandez R, de Damborene J (2005) Wear behaviour of laser clad NiCrBSi coating. Wear 259:870–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNational Institute of Technology KarnatakaSurathkalIndia
  2. 2.Department of Industrial Production and EngineeringMalnad College of Engineering HassanHassanIndia
  3. 3.Research and Development EngineerPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations