Advertisement

Silicon

pp 1–8 | Cite as

Influence of Curing Media and Mixing Solution on the Compressive Strength of Laterized Concrete

  • Oluwatobi Aluko
  • Temitope Awolusi
  • Adeyemi AdesinaEmail author
Original Paper
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

Concrete has been a major building material over the centuries due to its strength, durability and versatility. However, despite the numerous advantages of concrete, it is still plagued with several limitations in addition to its high use of raw materials. In order to improve the resilience of concrete mixtures, this study was carried out to investigate the effect of curing media and mixing solution on the compressive strength of concrete mixtures incorporating different proportions of laterite as partial replacement of the conventional fine aggregate. The laterite content in the concrete was varied at 0%, 15% and 30% of fine aggregate, and mixed with bacteria solution or water. The compressive strength of the mixtures was evaluated at 7, 14 and 28 days for concrete mixtures cured in water, bacteria solution, nutrient broth and combined bacteria and nutrient broth. Results from this study indicate concrete mixtures cured in nutrient broth plus bacteria solution have the highest compressive strength followed by bacteria, nutrient broth and water. The improvement in compressive strength due to Bacillus sp. CT-5 (i.e. bacteria used in this study) can be attributed to the precipitation of CaCO3 at the cell surface as well as within the concrete matrix. This provided a nucleation site which made it to become less porous and permeable and thereby increasing the compressive strength of the concrete cubes. The results of this study can be used to understand how various solutions incorporating bacteria can be used to enhance the performance of concrete. In addition, this study exhibits the viability of using locally available materials such as laterite in concrete mixtures.

Keywords

Concrete Laterized concrete Compressive strength Bacteria 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

References

  1. 1.
    Adesina A. (2018) Concrete Sustainability Issues. In: 38th cement and concrete science conference, UKGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wang J, Van Tittelboom K, De Belie N, Verstraete W. (2012) Use of silica gel or polyurethane immobilized bacteria for self-healing concrete. Constr Build MaterGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Amidi S, Wang J. (2015) Surface treatment of concrete bricks using calcium carbonate precipitation. Constr Build MaterGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chahal N, Siddique R. (2013) Permeation properties of concrete made with fly ash and silica fume: influence of ureolytic bacteria. Constr Build MaterGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chahal N, Siddique R, Rajor A. (2012) Influence of bacteria on the compressive strength, water absorption and rapid chloride permeability of fly ash concrete. Constr Build MaterGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kalhori H, Bagherpour R. (2017) Application of carbonate precipitating bacteria for improving properties and repairing cracks of shotcrete. Constr Build MaterGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Siddique R, Jameel A, Singh M, Barnat-Hunek D, Kunal, Aït-Mokhtar A, et al. (2017) Effect of bacteria on strength, permeation characteristics and micro-structure of silica fume concrete. Constr Build MaterGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Adesina A. (2019) Durability enhancement of Concrete using Nanomaterials: an overview. Mater Sci ForumGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Adesina A, Awoyera P. (2019) Overview of trends in the application of waste materials in self-compacting concrete production. SN Appl SciGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Awoyera PO, Adesina A, Gobinath R. (2019) Role of recycling fine materials as filler for improving performance of concrete - a review. Aust. J. Civ. Eng.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stocks-Fischer S, Galinat JK, Bang SS. (1999) Microbiological precipitation of CaCO3. Soil Biol BiochemGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Rao MVS, Reddy VS, Sasikala C. (2017) Performance of microbial Concrete developed using Bacillus Subtilus JC3. J Inst Eng Ser AGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Karimi N, Mostofinejad D. (2020) Bacillus subtilis bacteria used in fiber reinforced concrete and their effects on concrete penetrability. Constr Build Mater.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Achal V, Mukerjee A, Sudhakara Reddy M. (2013) Biogenic treatment improves the durability and remediates the cracks of concrete structures. Constr Build Mater.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Adesina A (2018) Overview of the mechanical properties of concrete incorporating waste from the concrete industry as aggregate. J Curr Constr IssuesGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Adesina A. (2019) Properties of alkali activated slag Concrete incorporating waste materials as aggregate: a review. Mater Sci ForumGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Awoyera P, Akinmusuru J, Ede A, Jolayemi J. (2019) Novel concrete mixture using silica rich aggregates: Workability, strength and microstructural properties. ISEC 2019 - 10th Int Struct Eng Constr Conf.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yaragal SC, Basavana Gowda SN, Rajasekaran C. (2019) Characterization and performance of processed lateritic fine aggregates in cement mortars and concretes. Constr Build Mater.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Awoyera P, Wisdom A, Chukwudi O, Ekedum K, Adediran A, Mebitaghan C. (2018) Curing, thermal resistance and bending behaviour of laterised concrete containing ceramic wastes. Cogent EngGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    BS En 206:2013: BSI Standards Publication Concrete — Specification , performance , production and conformity. Br Stand. 2013Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringEkiti State UniversityEkitiNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of WindsorWindsorCanada

Personalised recommendations