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Thermal, Electrical and Physical Properties of Glasses Based on Basaltic Rocks

  • G. A. KhaterEmail author
  • Mohamed M. Gomaa
  • Junfeng Kang
  • Yunlong Yue
  • M. A. Mahmoud
Original Paper
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Six glass compositions based on basaltic rocks and some industrial wastes, Batches were melted in an electric furnace at temperature 1400 °C for 2 h and then casted into rods and discs shapes. Many important techniques were used in the present study including X- ray fluorescence, thermal expansion, dielectric properties, indentation micro hardness, bending strength, density and chemical durability, The expansion coefficient in the temperature range 25–300 °C lies in the range between 48.78 to 59.76 × 10−7 /°C and the temperatures of Tg started at 668.79 °C and ranging between 668.79–632.34 °C and Ts started at 737 °C and lies in the range and 737–711.6 °C respectively. The lower expansion glasses have higher transition and softening temperatures and vice versa. Bending strength and Vickers micro hardness show a gradual decrease from 118 to 56 MPa and 6120–4020 MPa respectively with increasing cement dust content. In the same time the density increases from 2.79 to 2.96 g/cm3 by increasing cement dust content.

Keywords

Glass Basalt Cement dust Dielectric properties Thermal expansion coefficient 

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Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was done within the framework of the research project No. 10060401 entitled “Utilization of Sinai Basaltic Rocks for the Production of Construction Materials” sponsored by National Research Centre.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Khater
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohamed M. Gomaa
    • 2
  • Junfeng Kang
    • 3
  • Yunlong Yue
    • 3
  • M. A. Mahmoud
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research CentreGlass Research DepartmentCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Geophysical Sciences DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and Engineering University of JinanJinanChina

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