, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 155–169 | Cite as

Material Selection for Automotive Piston Component Using Entropy-VIKOR Method

  • Sanni Dev
  • Amit AherwarEmail author
  • Amar Patnaik
Original Paper


Development and selection of appropriate material with unlike properties (density, hardness, compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, friction coefficient, wear rate and many others) for piston material is one of the most exigent tasks. Inappropriate material often causes component failure at some point during functioning. Therefore, in this article, piston material containing different amount of recycled porcelain (used as reinforcement) were manufactured by induction furnace. The density, mechanical strength and specific wear behaviour were tested. The weight percentages of porcelain were in the range of 0 wt%-8 wt% in the base i.e. LM-26 alloy (Al-Si10Cu3Mg1). Micro-hardness tester and universal testing machine (INSTRON-5967) apparatus were utilized to record the mechanical properties of the manufactured materials and Pin-on-disc tribometer was conducted to evaluate the friction coefficient and specific wear rate at room temperature. Since no single material could merely satisfy all the desired characteristics, the Entropy-VIKOR (Vise Kriterijumska Optimizacija Kompromisno Resenjemeaning) multi criterion decision technique was employed to choose the preeminent composite amongst the examined materials. The entropy was applied to calculate weights of criteria, and VIKOR method was implemented for the ranking of manufactured composites. From the results obtained, it was indicated that A-3 (having 6 wt.% porcelain) piston material possesses the best combination of all the properties for a given application. Also, sensitivity analysis is performed to study the stability and robustness of the ranking with respect to the weights of the criterions.


Material selection LM-26 alloy Entropy-VIKOR Multi-criteria decision analysis Sensitivity analysis 


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The authors thank the Advance Material Research Centre and Advance Research Lab of Tribology at Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur for providing them experimental support to complete their research work smoothly.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMadhav Institute of Technology and ScienceGwaliorIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringMalaviya National Institute of TechnologyJaipurIndia

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