Advertisement

Silicon

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 101–107 | Cite as

Alkaline Earth Based Borosilicate Glasses as Sealants in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Applications

  • M. S. Salinigopal
  • N. Gopakumar
  • P. S. AnjanaEmail author
Original Paper
  • 63 Downloads

Abstract

Alkaline earth based glasses of composition 35AO – 50B2O3 – 15SiO2 (A = Ba, Ca, Sr) was prepared by conventional melt quenching technique. Density of the glasses was measured using Archimede’s method. X-ray diffraction patterns confirmed the amorphous nature of the glasses. This result was supported by scanning electron microscope (SEM) image. The structure of the glasses was investigated by FT-IR spectroscopy. FT-IR spectrum revealed the characteristic bands due to various borate and silicate structural units. FT-Raman spectroscopy was used to investigate the characteristic bands of these glasses and its changes due to the presence of various alkaline earth metals. The microhardness of the glass samples was measured by indentation technique. Microhardness of all glasses were high (6.9–7.1) GPa, reflecting higher bond strength. The co-efficient of thermal expansion (CTE) were measured and lie within the range (8–10) × 10–6o C−1, which was in good agreement with that of the other SOFC components.

Keywords

Borosilicate glass Density XRD FT-IR Co-efficient of thermal expansion 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge SAIF, Cochin, Kerala for providing the XRD facility. The authors are also thankful to SICC, University of Kerala for the SEM image. The authors are grateful to Dr. I. Ibnusaud, IIRBS, M.G. University, Kottayam for FT-IR analysis. Authors are also thankful to SAIF, M.G. University, Kottayam for FT-Raman analysis. The authors are also thankful to Dr. Ratheesh, C-MET, Thrisur for CTE analysis.

References

  1. 1.
    Kaur N, Kaur G, Khan S, Singh K (2017) Conductivity, dielectric and structural studies of (30-x)SrO-xBaO-10Al2O3-45-SiO2-5B2O3-10Y2O3 (5<x<25) glasses. Ionics.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-017-2360-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Laopaiboon R, Bootjmchai C (2015) Characterization of elastic and structural properties of alkali borosilicate glasses doped with vanadium oxide using ultrasonic technique. Glas Phys Chem 4:352–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zaid MHM, Matori KA, Aziz SHA, Zakaria A, Ghazali MSM (2012) Effect of ZnO on the physical properties and optical band gap of soda lime silicate glass. Int J Mol Sci 13:7550–7558Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ibrahim MM, Funny MA, Hassaan MY, El-Batal HA (2016) Optical, FTIR and DC conductivity of Soda Lime Silicate Glass Containing Cement Dust and Transition Metal Ions. Silicon 8:443–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Borhan A I, Gromada M, Nedelcu G G, Leontie L (2018) Influence of additives (CoO, CaO, B2O3) on thermal and dielectric properties of BaO-Al2O3-SiO2 glass-ceramic sealant for OTM applications, https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1507/1507.03390.pdf. Accessed 16 April 2018
  6. 6.
    Kothiyal GP, Goswami M, Tiwari B et al (2012) Some recent studies on glass/glass-ceramics for use as sealants with special emphasis for high temperature applications. J Adv Ceram 1:110–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chou YS, Stevenson JW, Gow RN (2007) Novel alkaline earth silicate sealing glass for SOFC part 1. The effect of nickel oxide on the thermal and mechanical properties. J Power Sources 168:426–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dev B, Walter ME, Arkenberg GB et al (2014) Mechanical and thermal characterization of a ceramic/glass composite seal for solid oxide fuel cells. J Power Sources 245:958–966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dai Z, Pu J, Yan D, Chi B et al (2011) Thermal cycle stability of Al2O3-based compressive seals for planar intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells. Int J Hydrog Energy 36:3131–3137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tiwari B, Dixit A, Kothiyal GP (2011) Study of glasses/glass-ceramics in the SrO-ZnO-SiO2 system as high temperature sealant for SOFC applications. Int J Hydrog Energy 36:15002–15008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kaur B, Singh K, Pandey OP et al (2017) Influence of modifier on dielectric and ferroelectric properties of aluminosilicate glasses. J Non-Cryst Solids 465:26–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Macmillan PW (1977) Glass – ceramics. Academic press, New York, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Thombare MD (2014) Study of physical properties of Lithiumborophosphate glasses. Int J Res Pure and Appl Phys 4(2):9–15Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pascuta P, Pop L, Rada S et al (2008) The local structure of bismuth borate glasses doped with europium ions evidenced by FTIR spectroscopy. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 19:424–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Varshneya AK (1994) Density and molar volume, fundamentals of inorganic glasses. Academic press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rejisha SR, Anjana PS, Gopakumar N (2016) Effect of cerium (IV) oxide on the optical and dielectric properties of strontium bismuth borate glasses. J Mater Sci Mater Electron 27:5475–5482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mandal AK, Agrawal D, Sen R (2013) Preparation of homogeneous barium borosilicate glass using microwave energy. J Non-Cryst Solids 371:41–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    El-Egili K (2003) Infra-red studies of Na2O – B2O3 – SiO2 and Al2O3 – Na2O – B2O3 – SiO2 glasses. Physica B 325:340–348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Abo-Naf SM, El-Sayed MK, El-Sayed E-SM et al (2015) In vitro bioactivity evaluation, mechanical properties andmicrostructural characterization of Na2O–CaO–B2O3–P2O5 glasses. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 144:88–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Elbatal FHA, Khalil MMI, Nada N, Desouky SA (2003) Gamma rays interaction with ternary silicate glasses containing mixed CoO + NiO. Mater Chem Phys 82:375–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kamitsos EI, Karakassides MA, Chryssikos GD (1987) Vibrational spectra of magnesium – sodium – borate glasses.2.Raman and mid – infrared investigation of the network structure. J Phys Chem 91:1073CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kamitsos EI, Karakassides MA, Chryssikos GD (1987) A vibrational study of li-borate glasses with high LiO2 content. Phys Chem Glasses 28:203–209Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Kaur R, Singh S, Pandey OP (2012) FTIR structural investigation of gamma irradiated BaO-Na2O-B2O3-SiO2 glasses. Physica B 407:4765–4769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rejisha SR, Santha N (2011) Structural investigations on 20MO-xBi2O3-(80-x)B2O3 (M=ca, Sr and Ba; x=15and 55) glasses. J Non-Cryst Solids 357:3813–3821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kamitsos EI, Kapoutsis JA, Jain H, Hsieh CH (1994) Vibrational study of the role of trivalent ions in sodium trisilicateglass. J Non-Cryst Solids 171:31–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Furukawa T, Whtte WB (1981) Raman spectroscopic investigation of sodium borosilicate glass structure. J Mater Sci 16:2689–2700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Eremyashev VE, Osipov AA, Osipova LM (2011) Borosilicate glass structure with rare-earth-metal cations substituted for sodium cations. Glas Ceram 68(7–8):205–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Gaskell PH (1991) In: Zarzcycki J (ed) Materials science and technology, glasses and amorphous materials, Vol 9. Wiley -VCH, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Chryssikos GD, Kamitsos EI, Patsis AP, Bitsis MS, Karakassides MA (1990) Thedevitrification of lithium metaborate: polymorphism and glass formation. J Non-Cryst Solids 6:42–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Gavenda T, Gedeon O, Jurek K (2017) Structural and volume changes and their correlation in electron irradiated alkali silicate glasses. Nucl Inst Methods Phys Res. B 397:15–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kacema IB, Gautron L, Coillot D, Neuville DR (2017) Structure and properties of lead silicate glasses and melts. Chem Geol 461:104–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    McMillan P (1984) Structural studies of silicate glasses and melts applications and limitations of Raman spectroscopy. Am Mineral 69:622–644Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Matson DW, Sharma SK, Philpotts JA (1983) The structure of high silica alkali-silicate glasses. A Raman spectroscopic investigation. J Non-Cryst Solids 58:323–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Rezazadeh L, Baghshahi S, NozadGolikand A, Hamnabard Z (2017) Structure, phase formation, and wetting behaviour of BaO–SiO2– B2O3 based glass–ceramics as sealants for solid oxide fuel cells. Ionics 20:55–64.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11581-013-0934-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Berwal N, Dhankhar S, Sharma P, Kundu RS, Punia R, Kishore N (2017) Physical, structural and optical characterization of silicate modified bismuth-borate-tellurite glasses. J Mol Struct 1127:636–644CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kaky KM, Lakshminarayana G, Baki SO, Lira A, Meza-Rocha AN, Falcony C, Caldino U, Kityk IV, Taufiq-Yap YH, Halimah MK, Mahdi MA (2017) Structural and optical studies of Er3+ doped alkali/alkaline oxide containing zinc boro-aluminosilicate glasses for 1.5 mm optical amplifier applications. Opt Mater 69:401–419CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Nanda K, Berwal N, Kundu RS, Punia R, Kishore N (2015) Effect of doping of Nd3+ ions in BaO–TeO2–B2O3 glasses: A vibrational and optical study. J Mol Struct 1088:147–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Patil AL (2017) Measurments of Vickers hardness and refractive index properties of Na- Borophosphate glasses. Int J ChemTech Res 10(12):138–142Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Zhang Q, Du X et al Effect of Nb2O5 doping on improving the thermo-mechanical stability of sealing interfaces for solid oxide fuel cells. Sci Report 7(5355).  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598_017_05725_y
  40. 40.
    Barlet M, Delaye JM, Charpentier T, Gennisson M, Bonamy D, Rouxel T, Rountree CL (2015) Hardness and toughness of sodium borosilicate glasses via Vickers's indentations. J Non-Cryst Solids 417–418:66–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Meinhardt KD, Kim DS, Chou YS et al (2008) Synthesis and properties of a barium aluminosilicate solid oxide fuel cell glass–ceramic sealant. J Power Sources 182:188–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Kumar V, Arora A, Pandey OP et al (2008) Studies on thermal and structural properties of glasses as sealants for solid oxide fuel cells. Int J Hydrog Energy 33:434–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics, All Saints’ CollegeUniversity of KeralaTrivandrumIndia
  2. 2.Post Graduate Department of Physics, Mahatma Gandhi CollegeUniversity of KeralaTrivandrumIndia

Personalised recommendations